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Everything posted by Kris

  1. These photos show two helicopters that might not be serving in the Malaysian armed forces–if the country’s defense budget had been larger. At the top is a smartly painted Sikorsky S-61A-4 Nuri (Malaysian for “parrot”) that the Malaysian Army took over from the Royal Malaysian Air Force (RMAF) last year. It is one of 44 that the RMAF received nearly 50 years ago. They were partially replaced in 2012-13 when the RMAF acquired 12 new EC725 Caracals from Eurocopter. But 28 of the long-serving Nuris are being retained–16 by the RMAF and 12 that are being transferred to the Army. With an average 14,000 flying hours logged, Malaysian defense officials say this fleet can fly on for at least another 15 years. Their avionics are being upgraded by AIROD, the leading Malaysian MRO. An unusual adaptation of the Eurocopter AS555 Fennec, bottom, that has been flying with Royal Malaysian Navy (RMN) since 2004. It is equipped with a Telephonics 1500 maritime surveillance radar, a FLIR, and a door-mounted machine gun (Telephonics is here at Stand Q87). A naval officer told AIN that six were acquired when it became clear that the RMN could afford only six of the more capable AgustaWestland Super Lynx Mk300 naval helicopters. That machine has more powerful radar and weapons. But the officer said the Fennecs have served well, with an AIS datalink and a radar that can track-while-scan 22 targets.
  2. As of September 2013 the ANA is in possession of 152 D30 howitzers, the supply of which is being coordinated by Picatinny Arsenal, the US military center for excellence in artillery. This will rise to 204 systems eventually.
  3. 20 ZSU-23-4 were delivered from USSR. 43 R-11 Scud-B were delivered from USSR. Only 4 survived by 2005.
  4. 50 T-54s and 50 T-55s were ordered in 1961 from the Soviet Union and delivered between 1962 and 1964 (T-54s were previously in Soviet service). 200 T-54s were ordered in 1978 from the Soviet Union and delivered between 1978 and 1979. 705 T-55s were ordered in 1978 from the Soviet Union and delivered between 1978 and 1991. There were 1,000 T-54s, T-55s, T-62s and PT-76s in service as of 1 April 1992. 100 T-62s ordered in 1973 from the Soviet Union and delivered between 1975 and 1976. 155 ordered in 1979 from the Soviet Union and delivered between 1979 and 1991. T-62 variants in service with the Afghan army were T-62, T-62M and T-62M1.
  5. Despite its size, Afghan national army has close to 1,000 officers of general ranks which is more than the number of officers which United States army have.
  6. ANA soldier assigned to the Mobile Strike Force Kandak fires an RPG-7 rocket-propelled grenade launcher during a live-fire exercise supervised by the US Marines with the Mobile Strike Force Advisor Team on Camp Shorabak, Helmand province.
  7. There are 26 A-29 Super Tucano's in service with the AFA with a further 6 on order. The pilots were trained in the USA and localised support was provider through the training program.
  8. There are 61 MD 530F light attack/training helicopters with the AAF with another 140 on order!
  9. The U.S. has been transitioning Afghanistan’s air force from a fleet of Soviet-era Mi-17 helicopters to the U.S.-made UH-60 Black Hawks since 2017, but recruiting, training and sustainment challenges plague the program. The Black Hawk shipments are part of the Afghan Air Force’s modernization initiative. The first 16 of 159 UH-60 helicopters have already been delivered. When complete, 119 of the Black Hawks will go to the Afghan Air Force, while the other 40 will go to the elite reconnaissance and extraction pilots of Special Mission Wing, at an estimated cost of $5.75 billion to $7 billion. “The general feelings towards Black Hawks is very positive in [the Afghan Air Force] and [Special Mission Wing], and that is because we all know that Mi-17 are not sustainable in the long run,” the pilot said. “The only concern that [Afghan pilots] have is to [receive] CH-47 Chinook helicopters along with Black Hawks,” he said, adding that the additional Chinooks would help close the gap left by Mi-17s. If, for example, the Afghan Air Force received two Chinooks per Kandak, or battalion, that could add additional lift capacity that Mi-17s currently have and ease concerns.
  10. Soldiers of the Afghan National Army, including the ANA Commando Brigade standing in the front. The Afghan Air Force operates 96 Mi-17 helicopters with 56 in service with the Special Mission Wing.
  11. The Afghan Armed Forces are the military forces of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan. They consist of the Afghan National Army and the Afghan Air Force. The President of Afghanistan is the Commander-in-Chief of the Afghan Armed Forces, which is administratively controlled through the Ministry of Defense. The National Military Command Center in Kabul serves as the headquarters of the Afghan Armed Forces. The Afghan Armed Forces currently has approximately 300,000 active duty soldiers and airmen, which are expected to reach 360,000 soldiers and airmen in the coming year. The current Afghan military originates in 1709 when the Hotaki dynasty was established in Kandahar followed by the Durrani Empire. The Afghan military fought many wars with the Safavid dynasty and Maratha Empire from the 18th to the 19th century. It was re-organized with help from the British in 1880, when the country was ruled by Amir Abdur Rahman Khan. It was modernized during King Amanullah Khan's rule in the early 20th century, and upgraded during King Zahir Shah's forty-year rule. From 1978 to 1992, the Soviet-backed Afghan Armed Force fought with multi-national mujahideen groups who were being backed by the United States, Saudi Arabia, and Pakistan. After President Najibullah's resignation in 1992 and the end of Soviet support, the military dissolved into portions controlled by different warlord factions and the mujahideen took control over the government. This era was followed by the rise of the Pakistan-backed Taliban regime, who established a military force on the basis of Islamic sharia law. After the removal of the Taliban and the formation of the Transitional Islamic State of Afghanistan in late 2001 and 2002, respectively, the Afghan Armed Forces was gradually rebuilt by NATO forces in the country, primarily by the United States Armed Forces. Despite early problems with recruitment and training, it is becoming effective in fighting against the Taliban insurgency. As of 2014, it is becoming able to operate independently from the NATO International Security Assistance Force. As a major non-NATO ally of the United States, Afghanistan continues to receive billions of dollars in military assistance. The Marshal Fahim National Defense University, also known as the Afghan National Defense University, is a military academy located in Kabul, Afghanistan.It was established in 2013. The university sits on a 105 acres of land west of Kabul in the Qargha area. There are three distinct parts to the university: the National Military Academy of Afghanistan (NMAA), the Afghan National Army Officer Academy (ANAOA), and the Non-Commissioned Officer (NCO) Academy, which will include the Sergeant Major Academy.
  12. At the booth of PGZ, the Polish Armaments Group, a new modernized version of the PT-91 Twardy, the PT-91M2 is presented for the first time during MSPO 2017, the International Defense Industry Exhibition which takes place in the city of Kielce, in Poland. PT 91M2 main battle tank at MSPO 2017 defense exhibition in Poland 925 001New PT-91M2 main battle tank at MSPO 2017, the International Defense Industry Exhibition in Kielce, Poland. The PT-91M2 is a modernization project to increase the firepower, mobility and protection of PT-91 main battle tank in service with the Polish army. The goal is to extend the lifetime of the tank which will be used only by the reserve forces of the Polish armed forces in the next few years. The PT-91 MBT, which is also referred to as the Twardy (Hard), is a further development by the Zaklady Mechaniczne Bumar-Labedy SA version of the Russian-designed T-72M1 which has been produced under license in Poland for many years. The PT-16M2 is armed with a new version of the 125mm 2A46MS offering more accuracy. The tank is fitted with a new carousel automatic loader which is mounted on the turret floor and also on the rear wall of the turret. There is a new storage compartment for additional ammunition. The PT-16M2 is motorized with the S-12U four-stroke, multi-fuel, supercharged, water-cooled diesel developing 850 hp at 2,300 rpm coupled to an upgraded mechanical transmission. The tank is also fitted with a new torsion bars suspension. The PT-91M2 is fitted with new armour package that includes third generation of reactive armour ERAWA mounted at the front and on each side of the hull. To increase protection against RPG threats, the rear side and back part of the hull are fitted with wire cage armour. New standard equipment of the PT-91M2 includes laser warning system OBRA-3, passive night vision PNK-72 Radomka for the driver, omnidirectional observation system, reardriver day/night camera KDN-1, and passive commander's night vision system TKN-3z.
  13. At MSPO 2017, the International Defence Industry Exhibition in Poland, the Polish Armaments Group (PGZ) presents a new upgrade of the Polish-made PT-91 main battle tank (MBT) under the name of PT-17. This project was launched by PGZ to modify the previous version of the main battle tanks to NATO standard. PT 17 main battle tank MSPO 2017 defense exhibition Kielce Poland 925 002New PT-17 main battle tank at MSPO 2017, International Defense Industry Exhibition in Kielce, Poland. The PT-17 MBT is an evolution of the project of the PT-16 which was unveiled at the edition 2016 of MSPO. The tank has been modernized to offer more mobility, firepower, and protection. The PT-17 is armed with the Ukrainian-made 120mm smoothbore KMB2 cannon manufactured by Ukrainian firm Kharkov Morozov Design Bureau which offers the possibility to fire all the NATO ammunitions. The turret is fitted with an automatic loading system located at the rear of the turret with a total of 22 rounds. Second armament of the PT-17 MBT includes a Polish-made Remote Controlled Weapon Station (RCWS) ZSMU which can be armed with a 7.62/12.7mm machine or a 40mm automatic grenade launcher. The RCWS is equipped with a daylight video camera, a thermal imager for night operations and a laser rangefinder. It can be used against light armored ground targets and low-flying aircraft during the day and night conditions. The PT-17 turret has a new design and is protected with Ukrainian-made explosive reactive armour. The front and each sides of the hull are protected with modular composite armour panels. To increase protection against RPG (Rocket-Propelled Grenade) threats, the rear and the sides of the turret are equipped with slat armour. The upper part of the suspension is also protected with armour plates while the upper part is covered with rubber plates. The PT-17 is motorized with a new 1,000 hp power pack and a new German-made transmission which offers more mobility and speed for the tank. Standard equipment of the new PT-17 includes OBRA-3 laser warning system designed to detect radiation from impulse rangefinders or laser illuminators. The system is coupled to smoke grenade launchers.
  14. Iraq had 66 Astros II (also built under licence as the Sajil-60). Only with rockets of shorter range SS-40 and SS-60. Range in indirect fire mode (first figure is minimum range): SS-30: 9–30 km SS-40: 15–35 km SS-AV-40: 15–40 km SS-60: 20–60 km SS-80: 22–90 km SS-150: 29–150 km FOG MPM: 5–60 km AV-TM 300: 30–300 km Armour: classified. Probably light composite to give protection against small-arms fire. Armament: one battery of 4, 16 or 32 rocket-launcher tubes Performance: fording 1.1 m vertical obstacle 1 m trench 2.29 m Ammunition Type: High explosive (HE) with multiple warhead
  15. Armed Forces to set up cyber unit Wednesday, 15 Jan 2020 08:22 PM MYT KUALA LUMPUR, Jan 15 — The Malaysian Armed Forces (MAF) will set up a Cyber and Electromagnetic Command to deal with cyber threats, said its chief, General Tan Sri Affendi Buang. He said the setting up of the command is aimed at strengthening the security forces in facing the threats of cyber security. “We know that we are living in a world where the cyber domain is very important and to a certain extent it is critical. If we don’t have those capabilities, we couldn't be sure we are protected. “Threats come in many ways and we live in a world where cyber domain is one of the main threats,” he told a press conference here today. Affendi said the threat of cyber-domain attacks could ravage the country as witnessed through cyber attacks such as Denial of Service, Malware and State-Sponsored Hacking. “It is high time for ATM to face the challenge through the setting up of the command so as to ensure not only the sustainability of the ATM network but also the security of national interests in the cyber domain,” he said. Earlier, in his inaugural address to all military personnel at Wisma Pertahanan, Affendi said he would try to improve the preparedness of ATM assets as part of his core duties as the nation’s 21st Chief of Defence Force. He said maintaining the assets at their highest level of preparedness was vital in the effort to defend the country and responding to any possible attacks at any time. On the integrity among the military personnel, Affendi said military misconduct would be one of the key concerns in empowering ATM personnel. He said the culture of integrity and anti-corruption need to be inculcated among the military personnel to maintain the image, credibility and reputation of the Armed Forces and the country. “The ATM’s Anti-Corruption Plan has also been developed and should be implemented as a solution to curb the threats of corruption,” he said. Affendi said the aspect of education on integrity should also be given emphasis and that ATM was in the midst of developing its own Integrity Education and Training Module for use by the Malaysian Armed Forces Training Centre by the middle of this year. He said an initiative to be transparent had also been taken by fully upgrading the online complaints system with the use of the Public Complaints Management System (SISPAA), which also aimed at improving the efficiency and management of complaints. Also present at the ceremony were Army chief General Tan Sri Ahmad Hasbullah Mohd Nawawi, Armed Forces chief General Datuk Seri Ackbal Abdul Samad and Navy chief Admiral Tan Sri Mohd Reza Mohd Sany. https://www.malaymail.com/news/malaysia/2020/01/15/armed-forces-to-set-up-cyber-unit/1828332
  16. I didn't know Bangladesh has a higher defence budget than Malaysia! I see why it can afford AH-64E.
  17. Up to the 1990s, the Malaysian defence industry had by and large been limited to small industries supplying common user items and a handful of large companies which while carrying out substantial work for the military, such as locally built ships and maintenance and servicing of aircraft, such work were ancillary to their core civilian businesses. However, this changes due to several factors that required and resulted in the defence industry being greatly expanded. Firstly, there was the then Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamad’s Vision 2020 goal of making Malaysia a fully industrialized and technologically advanced nation by 2020 and in line with this goal was the development of Malaysian industries especially the aerospace and defence industries via transfers of technology and offset programmes brought about by making such transfers and offsets as condition for defence purchases from foreign countries. This was coupled with the economic growth in Malaysia and the increasing education of the Malaysian populace resulted in a workforce that was not only more skilled and knowledgeable and could handle both management and technical issues but also existed in sufficient numbers to fuel the economic growth. It also led to more of the population pursuing specific and specialized skills and knowledge paths in order to be competitive in the employment market and the fact that there was a demand in such locally in contrast to the past where job competition was limited and there being little demand for certain knowledge and skills. As such, the conditions were ideal to allow a defence industry to grow. Secondly, was a change in the strategic thinking as to the role of the Malaysian Armed Forces. Up to the late 1980s, the armed forces by and large had been focused on the counter-insurgency role due to the need to suppress the remnants of the communist insurgency. The changes though as there was a realization that the armed forces would have to deal with conventional, external threats and thus it would have to transform from a largely infantry based army supported by a brown water navy and air force to modern armed forces with both the navy and air force becoming service arms with greater roles than primarily existing to support army operations as had been the case. However, the transformation had a price as naturally this meant new and more sophisticated equipment had to be purchased and it became clear that it was no longer financially feasible to largely rely on foreign companies not only for procurement but also for support and maintenance due to the increasing number of high-tech and complex equipment and items being used by the armed forces. Thus, turning to local defence companies made fiscal sense. Moreover, defence matters were also being scrutinized and debated in the public sphere and thus any defence spending would be questioned by a public that was becoming increasingly pacifistic and not able to see the value of defence spending. By turning to local defence companies, the government was able to justify certain procurement by pointing out that the procurement would provide employment and work for local industries other than national security. Conversely, the depreciation of the Malaysian ringgit, end of 1990’s actually encouraged more companies to venture into the defence and aerospace industry, particularly in serving as partners or subcontractors to foreign firms as the exchange rates and lower labour costs would lead to a higher profit margin, indeed lower labour costs actually led to foreign defence companies seeking Malaysian companies as joint venture partners, subcontractors or national/regional maintenance support centres. Since the Malaysian government made an offset package in the form of local participation or transfer of technology as a condition in any significant military purchase from overseas, any foreign company wishing to sell its equipment in Malaysia was duly bound to assist the local defence industry as such. By and large, the results have been positive with Malaysian defence companies and their foreign partners both enjoying successful partnerships and Malaysian defence companies have gone on to successfully win additional work unrelated to the offset packages which gave then their initial start while producing their own products. The defence industry has grown somewhat steadily till now but it is still and industry in need of a structured development along with more involvement by the government. The organizational umbrella for the Malaysian defence industry is the Malaysian Defence Industry Council (MDIC) which was created in 1999 to serve as a forum for the defence industry. MDIC headed by the defence minister and comprised of government officials and the heads of local defence companies. Under the council they are six working groups dealing with the six specified defence industry fields deemed strategic by the Malaysian government: Aerospace, Maritime, Weaponry, Automotive, Information Communications Technology (ICT) and Common-user Equipment, each being headed by a representative from the companies in the defence industry. The Malaysian government has also formulated the Defence Industry Blueprint which lays down the strategy and policies for development in the six fields of which there are five areas of common emphasis for each field, namely the development of human resources and competencies, technology development, industrial development, self sufficiency and international marketing. Government has since 2004 implemented “The Guidelines for Long Term 5+5” contracts arrangement to encourage local companies to participate in the defence sector as a common complaint was that local defence contract did not provide enough guaranteed long term work security. The contract would be given to local companies for five years with a subsequent two year contract followed by a final three year contract subject to the company performing in compliance with the contract during each phase and thus providing the company with long term work security and at the same time ensure that defence companies involved in such an arrangement would still be held to certain standards and not be given a free passage in the manner a long term exclusive contract would. This was primary concern for the military which feared that companies with such a contract would have no incentive to perform adequately throughout the tenure of the contract. Malaysia defence industry is still new when we compare with other well established foreign defence industries but it’s growing steadily with the guidance from the government and cooperation from defence industry either from local or foreign. Malaysia defence industry is moving forward on right path.
  18. Good post, so colourful with tradition alive and on full display.
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