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Renewable Energy in Bangladesh


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12:00 AM, September 02, 2020 / LAST MODIFIED: 01:13 AM, September 02, 2020

edotco deploys Bangladesh’s first hybrid solar-wind tower in Hatiya

Star Business Desk


Integrated telecom infrastructure services company edotco Bangladesh has built a 75-metre hybrid solar-wind tower in Hatiya, a remote cyclone-prone island located to the north of the Bay of Bengal, where no commercial power connection is available.

The tower consists of an in-built green hybrid energy solution with a capacity to produce 42 kilowatts per day from 12-kilowatt solar panels and 6 kilowatt per day from 4-kilowatt wind turbines mounted on the tower to ensure round-the-clock power supply, keeping the telecom system operating throughout the year.

The renewable energy solution not only helps decrease operating expenses by reducing diesel consumption and maintenance costs, but also reduces carbon emissions by up to 80 per cent, the company said in a statement.

"As a socially responsible company, edotco implements initiatives in communities across the nation irrespective of their location or economic condition," said Ricky Steyn, country managing director of edotco Bangladesh.

"Solutions like these allow us to bring connectivity to underprivileged communities who desperately need it for social empowerment. Aware of the community's needs, we aim to deliver solutions that are sustainable and can help improve the quality of livelihoods."

This renewable energy solution is the first of its kind in Bangladesh, specially built to address connectivity needs in areas where the national electricity grid is unavailable, according to the statement.

This initiative is a part of edotco's continuous efforts to ensure seamless connectivity throughout the nation by using alternative energy solutions to power telecom towers through the deployment of innovative, sustainable and energy-efficient solutions.

The hybrid system has vertical axis wind turbines to take wind from 360 degrees and it is scalable to user defined energy needs, the company said.

The environment-friendly system is equipped with the facility to operate silently is also easy to assemble and maintain and requires minimal maintenance support, according to the statement.

The wind tower is established not only in line with the company's commitment to champion sustainable energy but also in support of the nation's vision to ensure that seamless connectivity is available both in urban and rural communities, Steyn said.

"We understand how connecting rural communities is integral in meeting the country's digital vision and are committed to being nation building partners.

"We are committed to reducing our impact on the environment and building sustainable infrastructure that is efficient and environmentally-friendly," said Ir Kumari Nalini, edotco Group's director of engineering and technology.

"Wherever possible, our towers use the national grid as the main energy source but for countries where this is a challenge, renewable energy is a viable solution and we work with various stakeholders within each of our footprint countries to make this option available."

A similar solution was deployed in four sites across Myanmar last year, Nalini said.

The engineering teams worked together to adopt the learnings from Myanmar and bring a better, improved solution to the site in Hatiya, she added.

"Bangladesh has been home to a few firsts for edotco over the years, and we look forward to bringing and creating more innovations for and by the people."

Established in 2012, edotco Group is the first regional and integrated telecommunications infrastructure service company in Asia, providing end-to-end solutions in the tower services sector from tower leasing, co-locations, build-to-suit, energy, transmission and operations and maintenance.

The group operates and manages a regional portfolio of over 31,820 towers across scores of markets in Malaysia, Myanmar, Bangladesh, Cambodia, Sri Lanka, Laos, Philippines and Pakistan with 20,230 towers being directly operated by edotco.

In Bangladesh, edotco currently owns and operates over 10,000 telecom towers. 



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12:00 AM, September 24, 2020 / LAST MODIFIED: 12:00 AM, September 24, 2020

M’singh solar power plant ready to roll

Set to add 50MW to nat’l grid from next month

Our Correspondent, Mymensingh


The country’s largest solar-based powerplant in Mymensingh’s Sutiakhali area is set to start operation in the first week of October. The 50-megawatt plant was established to meet the government’s target of using renewable energy to produce10 percent of the country’s total electricity by 2021. PHOTO: COLLECTED

A 50-megawatt solar power plant in Mymensingh's Sutiakhali area, the largest of its kind, is ready to start operations by the first week of October.

The construction work of the megaproject has been finished following all the government rules and regulations, said Group Captain (Rtd) Sheikh Md Shafiqul Islam,director of HDFC Sinpower Ltd.

"It is the largest solar-based power plant among all the projects ongoing in the country and we are hopeful to go into production by the first week of the next month," he said.

HDFC Sinpower Ltd, a joint venture of three companies from Bangladesh, Singapore and Malaysia, implemented the project.

The power plant would help meeting the government's target of generating 10 percent of the country's total electricity using renewable energy by 2021.

The power plant was established on a 144-acre land with an estimated cost of Tk 800 crore. The project started in 2017 and was scheduled to finish by July this year. It was, however, delayed due to coronavirus pandemic.

"A portion of the Chinese staffers, including engineers, went to their country to celebrate New Year but could not return on time due to the pandemic, causing delay to the project," Shafiqul Islam said.

Indrajit Debnath, the project director and an executive director of Power Development Board (PDB) in Mymensingh, said solar plates were set up in 1 square-kilometre area for the power plant.

Connection of 10 transmission boxes, construction of 132-KV Transmission Tower, installation of four-kilometre underground cables to add the electricity to the national power grid at city's Kewatkhali power grid, and lining of one kilometer over-head transmission line were done, he said.

Earlier, barbed wire was set up around the plant and solar pillars and dredging in the necessary rivers was completed, said the project director.

Currently, the project is on a testing phase, he added.

The government has targeted generation of 24,000MW of electricity by 2021. Of the electricity, 2,000MW of power would come from renewable sources, according to sources.

Primarily, the production cost will be between Tk 10 and Tk 13 per unit, but gradually the cost will come down, added the director.

Besides, the project has opened a horizon of work facilities for hundreds of people in the region, he said.



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Govt to build Tk 1,511cr solar power plant

Biggest ever; will produce 100MW

Rejaul Karim Byron , Mahmudul Hasan

Tue Aug 10, 2021 12:00 AM


Bangladesh’s main source of renewable energy is the sun, according to industry people. Photo: COLLECTED

The government is going to set up the country's biggest solar power plant in Madarganj upazila of Jamalpur, in a move to raise the share of renewable energy in total power generation to 10 per cent by 2025.

The 100-megawatt Sheikh Hasina Solar Park will cater to the needs of its locality and channel the surplus electricity to the national grid.

To be implemented by Rural Power Company by December 2023, the project will be placed before the Executive Committee of the National Economic Council for final approval.

Its total expenditure has been estimated at Tk 1,511 crore.

Of it, Tk 1,115 crore will be provided by India at one per cent interest rate, according to Md Ferdaws Rahman, executive engineer of Rural Power Company.

"The main objective of the project is to increase power generation from renewable (solar) energy sources, diversify energy in power generation and reduce carbon emissions," he said.


The development comes amid Bangladesh's failure to achieve its target to raise renewable energy's share in total power generation to 10 per cent by 2020 due to a lack of resources, technologies and policies.

Currently, 766.51 megawatts are generated from renewable sources, accounting for 3.3 per cent of the total electricity produced.

The Renewable Energy Policy 2008 had set a goal for renewable sources to account for 5 per cent of the electricity generated by 2015 and 10 per cent by 2020.

In the Eighth Five Year Plan, the target has been revised for the 10 per cent to be attained by 2025.

Meanwhile, the second largest solar plant in the public sector will be set up at Sonagazi in Feni district by the Electricity Generation Company of Bangladesh at a cost of $89.17 million.

Of the amount, around $74.15 million will come from World Bank as project assistance.

According to industry people, Bangladesh's main source of renewable energy was the sun but the sticking point here was a lack of land.

However, the Jamalpur solar power plant will be built on a char of the Jamuna river and the land is non-agricultural, said Rahman of Rural Power Company, who is also the project director of the solar plant.

There will be a 6.5-kilometre (km) embankment to protect the land, he added.

The project's main activities are the plant's engineering, procurement and construction, development of 325 acres of land and construction of a 47 km 132 KV power evacuation line and infrastructure connecting Ghatail Grid Substation.

Other tasks include construction of office building, workshop, warehouse and Ansar barracks and construction of homes for 88 landless families and necessary infrastructure for their rehabilitation and adoption of long term settlement of the land.   

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Renewable energy development and sustainable project financing

 Mushfiqur Rahman | Published:  August 13, 2021 21:38:41

Contribution of renewable energy in the country's energy balance has been insignificant (approximately 2 per cent for grid connected power generation) so far. Sector experts have been analysing the reasons. The Renewable Energy Policy 2008 had set a target to generate 10 per cent electricity from renewable sources by 2020. The Sustainable and Renewable Energy Development Authority (SREDA) under the Ministry of Power Energy and Mineral Resources of the government has realised the necessity to revisit the policy and upgrade it. For the purpose, SREDA has initiated for engaging consultants to assist in revising and streamlining the policy on renewable energy development in the country.

During the last one decade, a lot of technological developments have taken place in the renewable energy sector. There have been impressive and diverse experience in implementing projects on renewable energy development both regionally and globally. Major economic powers of the world have been trying to promote various initiatives to enhance the role of renewable energy in their energy balance. As an example, the government of USA has set targets to reduce Green House Gas (GHG) emission by 50-52 per cent (taking the base line of the year 2005) within 2030 and has been trying to stop GHG emission within 2035 due to fossil fuel use for power generation. The 17 global contributors to GHG emission (who account for approximately 80 per cent of GHG emission in the global atmosphere) and many other countries have been trying to attain net zero carbon status within 2050-2060. The visible impacts of global warming and its disastrous impacts on environment, economy, health and sustainable development have been the triggering factors to push the global leaders to reduce carbon and other GHG  emission.

Unfortunately, fossil fuel based power sector remains the major contributor to GHG emission. Renewable energy use can significantly reduce or eliminate the GHG emission and secure sustainable development. The diverse renewable energy technology available in the world can contribute to reduce high dependency on fossil fuel based power and industrial development in the world.

The technology for sustainable and renewable energy is available and Bangladesh has its political commitment to attain sustainable development, secure affordable and reliable energy access to all of its citizens. Bangladesh aspires to attain a target for 40 per cent electricity generation from renewable energy sources within 2041.  Already Bangladesh has reached 99 per cent of its target to ensure access to electricity of all of its citizens during this year. The installed capacity (grid connected) to generate power (mainly with fossil fuels) has reached nearly 22,300 MW. The major share of electricity generation is dependent on natural gas (52 per ent), liquid fuels 33 per cent (furnace oil and diesel) and coal (8 per cent). The Policy makers have been aware that there is no alternative to development but increasing power generation (and distribution) and securing fuel diversity. Development of renewable energy is one of the key strategies of fuel diversity programme of the government.

In line with the government policies, various projects have been promoted both in public and private sectors to add off-grid and grid connected power based on renewable energy sources (mainly solar and wind). Bangladesh Bank, the Central Bank of the country has announced in December 2020 its sustainable finance policy for lenders and made it mandatory for 2 per cent all the loans by the banks and other financial institutions for devoting to renewable energy facilities and 'green projects'. The Central Bank further announced that the achievements of the banks and financial institutions in 'green banking and sustainable financing' would be taken into consideration in their rating.

However, sector experts who participated in a seminar titled 'Access to Sustainable Finance for Green Energy' organized by the Bangladesh Solar and Renewable Energy Association (BSREA) held on  08 August 2021 in the capital said that the 'key to promoting green energy is the availability of low cost and easily available loans'. Entrepreneurs involved  in renewable energy business and the representatives of the Banks, SREDA also echo the same feeling. They have identified a number of impediments in securing easy and low cost loans for developing the green and renewable energy projects in Bangladesh. These include-- lack of awareness and understanding among the field level bankers (and various government authorities) for assessing the importance of financing the green energy projects, absence of guidelines for the commercial banks to assess green and renewable projects (causing the ground level bankers to assess green and renewable projects in line with other commercial projects for financing), high rate of interests for loan (Bangladesh bank allocates at 5 per cent for refinancing and at the borrowers end the loan interest reaches about 6-7 per cent), absence of Bangladesh Bank's monitoring mechanism to confirm whether the commercial banks have been complying with the regulator's instructions/policy for securing the mandatory financing for green and renewable energy projects. Besides, there is no dedicated fund created by the banks so far for renewable energy project financing.

The people engaged in renewable energy and green projects have appreciated the government's endeavours to enact the Renewable Energy Policy 2008 but soon started to realise that the said policy lacked the specific road map and action plan for attaining the targeted 10 per cent power generation from renewable energy sources sustainably. There are bottlenecks for obtaining licences and permissions (like any other commercial project development in the country) for renewable energy projects (as reported, there are requirements for at least 30 different permissions/approvals for green project development) which impede the project proponents to accelerate implementation of the renewable/green energy projects in the country.

The increasing dependence on costly imported fossil fuels (with huge government subsidies) for power generation and the cost of environmental degradation as a consequence  offer little concern to conventional power producers; since they have been getting many fold incentives and habitual support from various regulators. The environmental dividends of green projects implementation are not always understood by various regulators/authorities and the lending agencies in the country.

Commercial Bank executives usually express their reservations for loan financing and investment risks as the green and renewable energy project proposals do not always look attractive in the assessment scale of conventional commercial projects. The commercial bank executives therefore ask for risk sharing instruments and ask the government to take the key responsibilities for financing green and renewable projects. Some senior bankers consider that the establishment of development banks will help finance renewable and green projects in the country in a faster pace.

SREDA Chairman Mr. Alauddin considers that there are necessities for building awareness and importance for green energy project financing not only based on their financial parameters but also for their environmental and social benefits.

While I asked the BSREA Chairman Mr. Dipal Barua on the above, he opined that the Bangladesh Bank's mandate for 2 per cent loans for the green projects was not enough to improve the situation in the near future. He feels that there is a need for action oriented concrete road map for implementation of green and renewable energy projects from the government. In addition, he considers that the Central Bank should create a special fund (for refinancing) so that commercial banks eagerly come forward for rendering supports for financing renewable energy projects at a reduced interest rate following less complicated disbursement process, arrange to train the mid-level bankers and regularly monitor their performance in disbursing mandated loan (maximum at 5 per cent interest at the borrower's end) to the entrepreneurs. He further suggests that the non-performing bank's green financing fund should be returned to Bangladesh bank within specific time limits. Mr. Dipal C. Barua further considers that the private sector investors should diversify their renewable energy project models and improve capacity for implementation of the projects. 

Mushfiqur Rahman is a mining engineer, and writes on energy and environment issues.

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Shafiqul Alam

19 August, 2021, 10:10 am

Last modified: 19 August, 2021, 10:16 am

Full transition to clean energy is still a tall order

While there is much discussion on the theoretical possibility of transitioning to the clean electricity grids, 100% share of renewables to most of the grids across the globe will not happen anytime soon


Momentum continues to grow across the globe for energy transition to attain net zero emission goal by 2050. Hopes are high, though many countries are not on track, as we prepare for the crucial climate talk to take place in less than 100 days in Glasgow.

The reasons for optimism, most advocates of the energy transition see, are the ever-increasing competitiveness of renewable energies and other potentials such as job creation that renewable energies may unleash. In tandem, countries may realise the untapped benefits of energy efficiency, which is termed as the first fuel by the International Energy Agency (IEA).

The desired energy transition, to build a cleaner future and to reach net zero emissions, however, is hard to come by.

Delving deeper into the situation, on the basis of the progress made by different countries in the last several decades, we can find some paradoxes that impede the energy transition we all aspire to.

The "intermittency" paradox

In spite of the economic calculus that evidently favours solar and wind energies over all forms of fossil fuels, there is still a lack of pace in the clean energy transition.

The paradox is that both solar and wind are of intermittent nature, causing other forms of electricity generation to be kept in place, or in the storage system, to be used to ensure electricity supply remains uninterrupted. 100% electricity from renewable energies, therefore, requires storage facilities to deliver electricity to the consumers, end when we do not have solar energy at night and/or enough wind speed.

The other option is to buoy on hybrid mechanism – harnessing solar during the day and generating wind power at night – to make the contribution of renewable energies to the grid as close as possible to 100%.

Well, a storage system can solve the intermittency paradox but renewable energy with grid scale storage facilities is still very expensive. Designing a solar-wind hybrid may not be feasible in all countries.

Additionally, the solar-wind hybrid may still require fossil fuel-based power generation to meet our 24/7 electricity demand.

The utility-demand side management paradox

Demand side management is essential for enhancing energy efficiency and conservation. In fact, demand side management programmes not only promote efficient appliances but also help induce behavioral changes among the energy consumers, leading to significant reduction in energy consumption.

The result is highly expedient to energy consumers, i.e. the demand side, and policymakers. Energy consumers are happy when they can minimise their utility bills. Policymakers also feel good due to varying reasons, be it the possibility of reducing energy import or the likelihood of delaying investment in new power plants.

Utilities all over the world are, however, designed to generate electricity, irrespective of energy sources, and/or sell electricity as much as possible to the energy consumers and thereby, making profits. As such, conflict arises when the utility's main business is to sell electricity and a utility is also entrusted to pursue demand side management programmes.

Utilities further have obligations to absorb shocks in the event of crisis – for example, the dip in energy demand attributable to Covid-19. In view of these, a significant decrease in energy consumption from demand side management programmes supported by utilities is extremely difficult to achieve.

The Jevons paradox

This is the phenomenon under which the purchase of energy efficient appliances/equipment in different applications cannot deliver energy savings. It rather increases the total energy consumption due to soaring demand.

Economist William Stanley Jevons first observed this in UK industries that adopted efficient steam engines only to see their overall coal consumption overshoot. Jevons Paradox is a popular term in environmental economics and is known as rebound effect, which shows that technological development and policy measures may not necessarily reduce energy and/or other resource demand as efficiency gain.

As benefits of energy efficiency are being felt by consumers through reduced energy bills, consumers in many cases overuse the efficient appliance. Examples include the overuse of an energy efficient car or installing efficient lights, say LEDs, of higher wattage or more in number than what deems necessary.

The policy paradox

The broader energy, climate and related fiscal policies help to shape the energy mix of the power generation in a country. On the other hand, energy pricing also influences the promotion of renewable energy and energy efficiency.

The policy paradox here appears at least from two channels – first, renewable energies may be cheaper but may not be prioritised in energy and climate policies and secondly, energy pricing may include a subsidy component, which rather favours fossil fuels.

Under such circumstances, the likelihood of increasing the contribution of renewable energy to a country's energy mix is slim. Moreover, price distortion, resulting from subsidies, provides a perverse incentive to the consumers to not think too much about saving energy – either by taking conservation measures or by installing energy efficient appliances. 

Perhaps, nobody thought that the path of clean energy transition would be this bumpy when few countries embarked on it. Nevertheless, as time ticks away and the impacts of climate change are becoming diabolical, we must fix the challenges.

The possible way-out to make energy storage cost competitive is to use policy instruments, which, for example, helped to bring the cost of solar and wind energies down during the last decade.

Policies are, furthermore, necessary to address the presence of energy price distortion or anomaly to support renewable energy and energy efficiency. Energy service companies (ESCOs), backed by the utilities, can potentially solve the problems associated with demand side management. And there is no alternative to awareness raising on energy efficiency and conservation.

While there is much discussion on the theoretical possibility of transitioning to clean electricity grids, 100% share of renewables to most of the grids across the globe will not happen anytime soon.

The value of existing fossil fuel-based power generating units diminishing within a few years is also unlikely.

Experiences from different countries illustrate that policies, rules and regulations will be crucial to consider the realities on the ground in operating clean energy grids reliably, effectively and efficiently.

The longstanding challenge still prevails as to whether all countries have sufficient capacity to move ahead with the clean energy transition that is necessary to avert our existential crisis. In the COP26, different countries will have the opportunities to share their plans for clean energy transition.

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SREDA launches help desk to provide one-stop service on rooftop solar

 UNB | Published:  August 19, 2021 18:53:32


Sustainable and Renewable Energy Development Authority (SREDA) on Thursday formally launched a national solar help desk (NSHD) at its office to meet the requirements of consumers and investors in renewable energy sector.

"The NHSD will serve as a common platform to support the implementation of rooftop solar projects under net metering. Any interested person can access pertinent information on eligibility criteria, the application process, financing options, and implementation process, and technical specifications of rooftop solar system, among others", said a press release of the SREDA.

All the information will be available in a structured manner in the NSHD web portal -shd.sreda.gov.bd., it said, adding, there will also be options for obtaining service through virtual meetings or a physical visit at the Help Desk at the SREDA office, located in IEB Building, Ramna.

State Minister of the Ministry of Power, Energy and Mineral Resources Nasrul Hamid attended the event virtually as the chief guest while Power Secretary Md. Habibur Rahman, Secretary, Chairman of Bangladesh Energy and Power Research Council (BEPRC) Satyajit Karmaker, Head of Development Cooperation of German Embassy Caren Blume were also present at the inauguration ceremony as special guests.

The help desk has been established in cooperation with GIZ Bangladesh.

SREDA is committed to its efforts to achieve the national target of renewable energy development.

To realise this goal, SREDA has taken a number of initiatives including issuing a guideline for the development of rooftop solar under net metering.

The Net Metering guidelines enacted in 2018 has laid the foundation for implementing rooftop solar projects at industrial, commercial and residential facilities with 3 phase connection and thereby, allowing consumers to transport surplus electricity, after self-consumption, to the national grid.

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যশোরে বর্জ্য থেকে সার ও বিদ্যুৎ উৎপাদন শুরু হয়েছে




বর্জ্য থেকে সার ও বিদ্যুৎ উৎপাদন শুরু হয়েছে যশোরে। এডিবির সহায়তায় বর্জ্য থেকে সার ও বায়োগ্যাস থেকে বিদ্যুৎ উৎপাদন প্রকল্প স্থাপিত হয়েছে। বর্জ্যকে সম্পদে পরিণত করার ক্ষেত্রে মডেলে পরিণত হয়েছে যশোর পৌরসভা। এডিবির প্রকল্পের আওতায় বর্জ্য থেকেই উৎপাদন হচ্ছে সার ও বায়োগ্যাস থেকে বিদ্যুৎ।

যশোর পৌরসভার হামিদপুরের এলাকায় বাস্তবায়ন করা হয়েছে এই প্রকল্পটি। প্রকল্পের মোট ব্যয় হয়েছে ২৩ কোটি টাকা। নষ্ট হতে বসা পরিবেশ আজ একেবারেই পাল্টে গেছে । বাংলাদেশে প্রথম বর্জ্য ব্যবস্থাপনা প্রকল্প স্থাপন হওয়ায় পর জায়গাটি দর্শনীয় স্থানে রূপান্তরিত হয়েছে।

প্রথমে ট্রাকে করে বর্জ্য নিয়ে আসা হয়। এরপর ওজন করে জমা করা হয়। বর্জ্য বাছাই করার পর জৈব স্যার তৈরির উপযোগগুলো জৈবসার প্লান্টে নিয়ে যাওয়া হয়। তারপর মেশিনের সাহায্যে জৈবসারে পরিণত করা হয়। অন্যগুলো যায় বায়োগ্যাস প্লান্টে। বায়োগ্যাস প্লান্ট থেকে তৈরি হয় বিদ্যুৎ।

প্রকল্পটির পরিচালক আহসান হাবীব বলেন, আমাদের এই প্লান্টে দৈনিক ৪০০ কিউবিক মিটার গ্যাস উৎপাদন হচ্ছে। এবং বিদ্যুৎ উৎপাদন হচ্ছে ২৫০ কিলোওয়াট আওয়ার।

যশোরের মেয়র জহিরুল ইসলাম জানান, আমাদের এ প্রকল্পটি বাস্তবায়নে প্রধান চ্যালেঞ্জ ছিল প্রকল্পের জায়গা থেকে ময়লা সরিয়ে জায়গাটি ব্যবহার উপযোগী করে তোলা। শহরের বর্জ্য এখন আর যেখানে-সেখানে ফেলা হয় না।


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প্রতি জেলায় এক হাজার বায়োগ্যাস প্লান্ট হচ্ছে

সাঈদ শাহীন ও আবু তাহের

সেপ্টেম্বর ০৬, ২০২১


নবায়নযোগ্য জ্বালানি থেকে বিদ্যুৎ উৎপাদনে এখনো বড় উৎস সৌরবিদ্যুৎ ও জলবিদ্যুৎ। এর বাইরে বাতাস, বায়োগ্যাস কিংবা বায়োম্যাস থেকে বিদ্যুৎ উৎপাদনের সুযোগ থাকলেও তা কাজে লাগানো যায়নি। তবে বায়োগ্যাস নিয়ে নতুন উদ্যোগ নিয়েছে সরকার। এর অংশ হিসেবে দেশের প্রতিটি জেলায় এক হাজার করে বায়োগ্যাস প্লান্ট স্থাপন করা হবে। এ প্রকল্পের মাধ্যমে রান্নার গ্যাসের চাহিদার পাশাপাশি নবায়নযোগ্য বিদ্যুতের ব্যবহার বাড়বে। যদিও নবায়নযোগ্য জ্বালানি থেকে বিদ্যুৎ উৎপাদনে ব্যায়োগ্যাসের অবদান এখনো শূন্যের কোটায়।

প্রকল্প সূত্রে জানা গেছে, দেশের ৬৪ জেলায় বায়োগ্যাস প্লান্ট স্থাপন করবে যুব ও ক্রীড়া মন্ত্রণালয়ের অধীনস্থ প্রতিষ্ঠান ‘যুব উন্নয়ন অধিদপ্তর’। প্রতি জেলায় ১ হাজার করে মোট ৬৪ হাজার বায়োগ্যাস প্লান্ট স্থাপন করা হবে। এ প্রকল্পের মাধ্যমে খামার স্থাপন করে মোট ১ লাখ ২৮ হাজার কর্মসংস্থান সৃষ্টি (প্রতি খামারে ন্যূনতম দুজন) করা হবে। এছাড়া এ প্রকল্পের মাধ্যমে ১ লাখ ৪৭ হাজার ৬০০ জনকে প্রশিক্ষণ দেয়া হবে। রিভলভিং ক্রেডিট ফান্ড পরিচালনা করা হবে ১২৫ কোটি টাকার। অষ্টম পঞ্চবার্ষিক পরিকল্পনায় যুবসমাজকে প্রশিক্ষণ প্রদানের মাধ্যমে যুবসম্পদে রূপান্তর করে প্রকল্পটি সংগতিপূর্ণ হওয়ায় এটি অনুমোদন দেয়া হয়।

যুব উন্নয়ন অধিদপ্তরের কর্মকর্তারা জানিয়েছেন, দেশের সব জেলায় বায়োগ্যাস প্লান্ট স্থাপনের মাধ্যমে রান্নার জ্বালানি সংকট নিরসন হবে। পরিবেশ দূষণ কমানোর পাশাপাশি বিদ্যুৎ উৎপাদনে নবায়নযোগ্য জ্বালানি ব্যবহার বাড়বে। এছাড়া এ প্রকল্পের মাধ্যমে ক্ষুদ্রঋণ সহায়তা দিয়ে বায়োগ্যাস প্লান্ট স্থাপনের মাধ্যমে গ্রামীণ যুবকদের আত্মকর্মসংস্থানের সুযোগ সৃষ্টি হবে।

দেশে উৎপাদিত জৈব পদার্থ পচনের ফলে বিভিন্ন যে গ্যাস পাওয়া যায় তার মিশ্রিত রূপ হলো বায়োগ্যাস। জৈব সার, পৌর বর্জ্য, নর্দমার আবর্জনা, খাদ্যবর্জ্যের কাঁচামাল থেকে বায়োগ্যাস উত্পন্ন হয়।

তবে বায়োগ্যাস থেকে বিদ্যুৎ উৎপাদনে নতুন করে পরিকল্পনা করছে সরকার। যদিও দেশে এখন পর্যন্ত বর্জ্যভিত্তিক বায়োগ্যাসই সবচেয়ে সফল হয়েছে বলে ধরা হয়। দেশের বিভিন্ন উপকরণ কাজে লাগিয়ে বিদ্যুৎ উৎপাদন করা হচ্ছে। যে কারণে নতুন করে বায়োগ্যাস নিয়ে বিদ্যুৎ উৎপাদনের পরিকল্পনা করা হচ্ছে।

সরকারের নতুন এ উদ্যোগের বিষয়ে জানা গেছে, ‘আমার গ্রাম, আমার শহর’ শীর্ষক কর্মসূচি অনুযায়ী প্রতিটি গ্রামে আধুনিক নাগরিক সুবিধা সম্প্রসারণের লক্ষ্যে বায়োগ্যাস প্লান্টের মাধ্যমে নবায়নযোগ্য জ্বালানি ব্যবহারের সুযোগ সৃষ্টি করা হবে। এতে পরিবেশের ইকোসিস্টেমের উন্নয়নের পাশাপাশি যুবকদের কর্মসংস্থানের সুযোগ সৃষ্টি হবে। দেশের ৪৯২টি উপজেলায় ২০২৩ সালের ডিসেম্বরের মধ্যে প্রকল্পটি বাস্তবায়ন হবে। এ প্রকল্পে ব্যয় হবে ২০৯ কোটি ১৭ লাখ টাকা। সম্পূর্ণ সরকারি অর্থায়নে এটি বাস্তবায়ন হবে।

দেশে নবায়নযোগ্য বিদ্যুৎ নিয়ে কাজ করছে বাংলাদেশ নবায়নযোগ্য জ্বালানি উন্নয়ন কর্তৃপক্ষ (স্রেডা)। সংস্থাটির তথ্য বলছে, দেশে প্রথম ১৯৭২ সালে বায়োগ্যাস প্লান্ট নির্মাণ করা হয়। ২০২০ সালের জুন পর্যন্ত মোট ৭৬ হাজার ৭৭১টি বায়োগ্যাস প্লান্ট স্থাপন করা হয়েছে। বাংলাদেশ ব্যাংক এবং ব্যাংকিং খাতের বাইরে আর্থিক প্রতিষ্ঠান হিসেবে ইনফ্রাস্ট্রাকচার ডেভেলপমেন্ট কোম্পানি লিমিটেড (ইডকল) এ প্রকল্পে বিনিয়োগ করছে। এর বাইরে বেশকিছু দেশী-বিদেশী সংস্থা এ প্রকল্পে অর্থায়ন করে আসছে।

স্রেডার চেয়ারম্যান মোহাম্মদ আলাউদ্দিন বণিক বার্তাকে বলেন, বায়োগ্যাস মূলত রান্নার কাজে বিকল্প জ্বালানি হিসেবে ব্যবহার হচ্ছে। বায়োগ্যাসের দ্বিতীয় পর্যায় হলো বিদ্যুৎ উৎপাদন। কিন্তু রান্নার কাজেই উৎপাদিত গ্যাস ব্যবহার হয় বলে এটি বিদ্যুৎ উৎপাদনে অংশগ্রহণ কম। ক্লিন এনার্জির ব্যবহার বাড়াতে সরকার বায়োগ্যাস থেকে বিদ্যুৎ উৎপাদন পরিকল্পনা করছে।

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Bangladeshi steelmaker launches tender for 10 MW PV project


GPH Ispat will build a solar plant on an artificial lake that is used to harvest rainwater, with panels to also be deployed on lakeside hills and the rooftops of the company’s main factory and offices.

Bangladeshi state-owned steel manufacturer GPH Ispat has launched a tender for the deployment of 10 MW of PV capacity at its its factory in Sitakunda, Chittagong.

The solar plant will be deployed on an artificial lake created for rainwater harvesting. The company will also install panels on the hilly areas around the lake and the rooftops of its main factory and office buildings.

“Companies will be selected in accordance with the procedure set out in the Central Procurement Technical Unit (CPTU) Guidelines,” the company said in an expression of interest document. “If any applicant or member of a consortium has experience in floating solar plants, it may make it a more attractive partner for this project.”

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Hero Future Energies secures India’s first deal for large scale solar in Bangladesh

The Haryana-based renewables company, which is part of a bike and motorbike manufacturing conglomerate, will be paid $0.1025/kWh by the Bangladeshi government for the electricity that will be generated by a 50 MW plant in Khulna district, with the power purchase deal running for 20 years.



The International Renewable Energy Agency has estimated Bangladesh had 301 MW of grid-connected solar capacity at the end of 2020.

Graphic created by Max Hall, using content from freevectormaps.com, for pv magazine

Indian solar developer Hero Future Energies Asia Pte Ltd, Singapore, has been given the go ahead to construct a 50 MW solar plant in southern Bangladesh’s Khulna district.

Hero, part of the Haryana-based Hero Motors Co bike and scooter manufacturing group, will partner with Panamanian-registered investment company Business Research International Corporation on the solar project, which could represent the first Indian investment in utility scale solar in Bangladesh.

The cabinet committee on public purchase of Bangladesh today approved a 20-year power purchase agreement for the solar field, which will set a tariff of $0.1025/kWh for the electricity generated, for a total bill to the exchequer of an estimated $157 million

Hero will have to fund the acquisition of land to host the 486-acre project, plus a 17km power line and electricity sub-station, with grid access restrictions having forced Hero Future Energies to halve the scale of what was originally intended to be a 100 MW plant.

With Chinese president Xi Jinping having today told the UN General Assembly his nation will no longer fund overseas coal-fired power projects, Bangladeshi officials have claimed the government in Dhaka has recently scrapped plans for 10 proposed coal plants, for reasons including their environmental impact.

With Bangladesh hosting just 766.8 MW of renewables generation capacity at present, the government wants 40% of the nation's energy to come from clean power plants by 2041.

Hero Future Energies, on its website, claims to have a 1.2 GW solar and wind power portfolio with a further 1.5 GW planned or under construction. Having announced an ambition of having 5 GW of installed capacity online next year, Hero says it has developed 500 MW of large scale solar in European and Asian nations including Bangladesh, Singapore, Vietnam, the Philippines, Indonesia and the U.K.

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The north is going to be the center of solar power generation

News desk

Published: 14 September 2021

The government has taken a plan to increase the contribution of renewable energy to the total power generation of the country. Emphasis is being laid on increasing the production of solar power in the implementation of this plan. And the northern part of the country is being considered as the main center of this solar power generation.  A new roadmap has already been prepared, which is currently awaiting final approval from the Ministry of Power, Energy and Mineral Resources.

It is planned to generate 30,000 MW of electricity using solar energy by 2041. Of this, the target for power generation from solar hubs planned by the government has been set at 12,000 MW. Therefore, 13 districts have been selected as solar hubs in the proposed roadmap. Solar power plants will be constructed in the char areas of the districts.

In this regard, the Renewable Energy Development Authority (SREDA) Chairman. "We have developed a roadmap for solar power to increase the use of clean energy," Mohammad Alauddin said. Until now we did not know how much electricity can be obtained from solar. But now a projection has been made. Once it is finally approved, work on solar power will start.

The government formulated the Power System Master Plan-2010 a decade ago to increase the power generation capacity. Then in 2017 another master plan was made. The plan calls for 10 per cent of the total power generation capacity to be generated from renewable energy. But it could not be more than 3 percent.

There are plans to increase solar power generation from a few other mediums outside the solar hub. Of this, 2,000 MW from solar photovoltaics (PV), 2,200 from privately installed solar panels, 12,000 from Rooftop Solar, 1,200 from Solar Pump, 228 from Solar Charging Station, 65 from Solar Telecom Tower and Solar Street Light, 260 from Solar Home System, 16 from Solar Mini Grid and 15 MW more from other sources. In all, 9,843 MW from solar energy by 2030 and in the next decade, i.e. 2031-41. A target has been set to generate another 19,611 MW of electricity by the end of the year.

At present, the capacity of the country to generate electricity using renewable energy has increased to 766.8 MW. Of this, 532 MW is being supplied from solar energy, 230 MW from water, 2.9 MW from wind and .69 MW from biogas.






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Consultancy sought for 100 MW Bangladeshi solar plant

The majority of the finance for the $177 million, Jamuna river project will be provided in the form of soft loans from the Indian government and officials are reportedly already planning a second 100 MW facility with a Chinese firm on nearby land.


The planned solar field is set to be generating in December 2023.


Bangladesh’s Rural Power Company Limited is seeking a consultant for a 100 MW solar field planned in its northern district of Jamalpur.

The project, approved by the executive committee of the National Economic Council headed by prime minister Sheikh Hasina, will be majority funded with Indian credit.

Applicants for the contract must have worked on supervising the development of a solar project with a generation capacity of at least 25 MW within the last 10 years, on the basis of a single contract, and to have included supervision of construction of an electricity transmission line of at least 132 kV and 10 km. Consultants can also bid as part of a consortium as long as the lead partner has experience of preparing tender documents and design, review, and approval services.

The spec

The successful consultant will have to review a project feasibility study drawn up by Dhaka-based EQMS Consulting Limited; prepare drawing design specifications of an engineering, procurement and construction tender document for the 100 MW solar plant and 132 kV, double circuit transmission line; and supervise the transmission line and substation installation works, among other duties. The deadline for bids is on October 24.

The Indian government will reportedly supply $131 million of soft loans towards the estimated $177 million cost of the 325-acre solar project, planned chiefly on Ministry of Land-owned fallow fields near the Jamuna river.

The government of Bangladesh will directly contribute $40 million to the project with the state-owned Rural Power Company supplying a further $5.9 million.

The plant is due to come online in December 23 and government officials have stated the authorities are planning a second, Chinese-backed 100 MW solar site nearby.

Rural Power Company MD Abdus Sabur said the Jamuna river project will generate electricity for the nearby districts of Mymensingh and Dhaka.

Bangladesh has around 775.84 MW of clean power generation capacity, around 3% of its power mix, and aims to source 40% of its electricity from renewables by 2050.

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Renewable Energy: Dhaka seeks technology, investment through global collaboration


 Published at 09:57 pm October 17th, 2021


Foreign Minister Dr AK Abdul Momen speaking to reporters at a media briefing at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs after his meeting with the envoys of European countries on Sunday, October 17, 2021 Dhaka Tribune

Foreign Minister Dr AK Abdul Momen on Sunday sought global partnership and collaboration in the areas of technology transfer and investment to help Bangladesh increase its renewable energy share.

“We want to boost renewable energy share. We seek their technology and investment,” he told reporters at a media briefing at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs after his meeting with the envoys of European countries.

Environment, Forest and Climate Change Minister Md Shahab Uddin and Foreign Secretary Masud Bin Momen were, among others present.

European Union (EU) Ambassador to Bangladesh Charles Whiteley tweeted after the meeting saying the EU head of missions had fruitful exchange with the Foreign Minister and the Environment Minister on preparations for COP26 and their shared approach to many climate concerns.

Dr Momen said the government has already concealed the plan of having seven coal-based power plants as it is focusing on more renewable energy.

“Partner countries need to help us with technology and concessional loans. We can expect public-private partnership in this area,” he said.

Responding to a question on achieving a net-zero carbon emission target by 2050, Dr Momen said it will be very difficult for Bangladesh to achieve the target as a developing country.

Bangladesh, however, recognizes the urgent need to make ambitious and accelerated efforts to limit average temperature rises to 1.5 degrees above pre-industrial levels, strengthen adaptation to the impacts of climate change, and scale up finance and support towards these ends.

Bangladesh also called for increased climate action in the lead up to the COP26 Summit, which will be held in Glasgow in November keeping in consideration the development needs of individual countries.

Bangladesh underscored the necessity of securing commitments from global leaders, especially the G20, to curb global emissions substantially, arrest global temperature at 1.5 degrees, and secure maximal climate finance, especially for adaptation and concrete actions on low-carbon technology transfer.

During the meeting with the EU envoys, Bangladesh talked about the importance of developed countries delivering their collective climate finance goal to jointly mobilise US$100 billion annually in the context of meaningful mitigation actions and transparency on implementation, to address the needs of developing countries.

The Bangladesh side also talked about the possibility of wind power offshore and sought support from the European countries to that end.

The UK will host the 26th UN Climate Change Conference of the Parties (COP26) in Glasgow on October 31 to November 12.

The COP26 summit will bring parties together to accelerate action towards the goals of the Paris Agreement and the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change.

The Prime Minister is likely to leave Dhaka for Glasgow on October 31 and she will visit London before heading for Paris.

She is likely to hold a bilateral meeting with her British counterpart Boris Johnson either in Glasgow or in London.

The Prime Minister is also expected to hold bilateral talks with French President Emmanuel Macron during her Paris visit.

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Bangladesh's First Large Wind Power Project Launched


Recently, the Cox's Bazar wind farm project in Bangladesh invested by Wuling Power as a subsidiary of the Chinese State Power Investment Corporation Limited (SPIC), began concrete pouring on its pile foundation of the booster station, marking the launching of Bangladesh's first large wind power project.


Cox's Bazar wind farm, with a total installed capacity of 66MW, is the first large-scale centralized wind power project in Bangladesh. It is SPIC's first wind power project in South Asia, and also the first Greenfield investment project abroad which is independently developed by Wuling Power.

Wind is a clean energy. Upon operation, the electricity generation capacity of the project will reach 145,600MWh annually. Compared with the conventional coal-fired power project, it can reduce coal consumption by 44,600 tons, and cut emissions of 109,200 tons of carbon dioxide (CO2), 25.15 tons of sulfur dioxide (SO2), and 50.69 tons of nitric oxide (NO) every year. This will play an active role in promoting economic development, energy saving and emission reduction, and environmental protection in Bangladesh.

SPIC is committed to developing clean energy. It has completed photovoltaic power generation of more than 35,000MW, new energy power generation of over 70,000MW, and renewable energy power generation of more than 100,000MW, all ranking first in the world.

Taking the opportunity of the Cox's Bazar project, SPIC will further expand development and utilization of renewable energy in Bangladesh, and provide more clean energy to support the social and economic development of the country.



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TBS Report

05 November, 2021, 08:30 am

Last modified: 05 November, 2021, 01:43 pm

Bangladesh in talks with Saudi company for 1GW solar project

The country is also engaging in early talks with ACWA Power about a potential green hydrogen project, said Salman F Rahman, MP, the private sector industry and investment adviser to the prime minister


Bangladesh is in talks with Saudi energy company ACWA Power to develop a large solar project which would supply Southeast Asian nations with one gigawatt of electricity as it shifts towards more clean energy sources, said Salman F Rahman, MP, the private sector industry and investment adviser to the prime minister.

The country is also engaging in early talks with ACWA Power, in which the Saudi sovereign wealth fund PIF holds a 44% stake, about a potential green hydrogen project, Salman F Rahman, MP, told Arab News.

"We have been talking with ACWA power for solar. In fact, ACWA power people were there in Bangladesh recently and they met our ministry of energy and they are negotiating a large solar project, a one gigawatt solar project. So, that is under negotiation," he said.

"We hope to conclude it soon and they will be signing an agreement pretty soon," he added.

Bangladesh has an installed capacity of 2.4 gigawatt, Rahman added, and the country needs more energy to expand the economy and attract investors.

The drive for the hydrogen comes as a result of Bangladesh's plan to establish a terminal to import liquefied natural gas (LNG). The same terminal can import green ammonia, which can be converted into green hydrogen.

"We are developing, with the Japanese government, a deep-sea port in Bangladesh where we are going to put an onshore LNG terminal and LPG terminal. So we are now thinking that this is the right time, because this is in the planning stage that we should also have an onshore ammonia terminal," Salman F Rahman, MP said. 

"We are talking to ACWA power on green hydrogen as well, but that is a longer-term project because at the moment, even that technology is not perfected yet and the cost is still pretty high," he further added. .

ACWA Power is one of three partners in Saudi Arabia's first green hydrogen project along with NEOM and US-based Air Products. The venture plans to export its first green ammonia project in early 2026 and it is looking for long-term off-takers of the fuel.

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পরিকল্পনা করা হচ্ছে ভাসমান সৌরবিদ্যুতের

নিজস্ব প্রতিবেদক

নভেম্বর ২০, ২০২১

জীবাশ্ম জ্বালানির পরিবর্তে বর্তমানে নবায়নযোগ্য জ্বালানিতে বিদ্যুৎ উৎপাদনে জোর দেয়া হচ্ছে বেশি। এরই অংশ হিসেবে দেশের বিভিন্ন প্রান্তে সরকারি-বেসরকারি উদ্যোগে সৌরবিদ্যুৎ প্রকল্প নেয়া হচ্ছে। তবে বৃহৎ ও বাণিজ্যিকভাবে সৌরবিদ্যুৎ উৎপাদনের ক্ষেত্রে সবচেয়ে বড় বাধা হিসেবে দেখা হয় জমির স্বল্পতাকে। এ কারণে জমির ব্যবহার কমাতে বিকল্প হিসেবে ভাসমান সৌরবিদ্যুৎ বা ‘ফ্লোটিং সোলার টেকনোলজি’ স্থাপনের পরিকল্পনা করা হচ্ছে।

এশিয়ান ডেভেলপমেন্ট ব্যাংক (এডিবি) দেশের তিনটি স্থানে ভাসমান সৌরবিদ্যুৎ প্রকল্পের সম্ভাব্যতা যাচাই করেছে। এ সমীক্ষায় উঠে এসেছে, দেশের তিনটি জেলা দিনাজপুর, ঝিনাইদহ ও যশোরে মোট ৬১ মেগাওয়াট সক্ষমতার ভাসমান সৌরবিদ্যুৎ করা গেলে সাফল্য পাওয়া যাবে। এছাড়া পার্বত্য জেলা রাঙ্গামাটির কাপ্তাই লেকে ভাসমান সৌরবিদ্যুৎ প্রকল্পের সম্ভাব্যতা যাচাই করেছে এডিবি। এ স্থানটিকেও বৃহৎ ভাসমান সৌরবিদ্যুৎ প্রকল্পের উপযুক্ত স্থান হিসেবে বিবেচনা করা হচ্ছে।

দেশে বর্তমানে দৈনিক ৭৩০ মেগাওয়াট বিদ্যুৎ উৎপাদন হচ্ছে নবায়নযোগ্য জ্বালানি থেকে। নবায়নযোগ্য উৎসগুলোর মধ্যে এখন সবচেয়ে বেশি আলোচনায় রয়েছে সৌরবিদ্যুৎ। প্রতি মেগাওয়াট সৌরবিদ্যুৎ উৎপাদনে জমির প্রয়োজন পড়ে প্রায় তিন একর। জনবহুল দেশে বৃহৎ পরিসরে সৌরবিদ্যুৎ স্থাপনে পর্যাপ্ত অকৃষি, অনাবাদি ও পতিত ভূমি পাওয়া কঠিন। এছাড়া আবাদি জমি ব্যবহার করে পরিবেশ উপযোগী বিদ্যুতের উৎপাদন খরচও বেশি হয়। ফলে সৌরবিদ্যুৎ উৎপাদনে নতুন এ প্রযুক্তির কথা ভাবছে সরকার।

এ বিষয়ে জানতে চাইলে টেকসই ও নবায়নযোগ্য জ্বালানি উন্নয়ন কর্তৃপক্ষ (স্রেডা) চেয়ারম্যান মোহাম্মদ আলাউদ্দিন বণিক বার্তাকে বলেন, ভাসমান সৌরবিদ্যুৎ নিয়ে আমরা ফিজিবিলিটি স্টাডি করেছি। সারা দেশে কোথায় কোথায় এ ধরনের প্রকল্প নেয়া যেতে পারে, তার একটা প্রি-ফিজিবিলিটি স্টাডি করেছি। এছাড়া পরিপূর্ণভাবে একটি করেছি বড়পুকুরিয়া কোল মাইনিং কোম্পানির আওতাধীন এলাকায়। ওখানে ৫০ মেগাওয়াট সক্ষমতার একটি ভাসমান সৌরবিদ্যুৎকেন্দ্র নির্মাণের পরিকল্পনা আমাদের রয়েছে। এ ধরনের প্রকল্পে আশাব্যঞ্জক সম্ভাবনা রয়েছে, তবে প্রকল্প শেষ না করা পর্যন্ত বলা যাবে না কতটুকু উপযোগী হবে।

সাধারণত সৌর থেকে এক ইউনিট বিদ্যুৎ উৎপাদনে এখনো ৩০ টাকার মতো খরচ হয়। এ পদ্ধতিতে বাণিজ্যিকভাবে বিদ্যুৎ উৎপাদনে গেলে জমির মূল্য, উন্নয়ন, সৌরবিদ্যুতের উপকরণ, প্রয়োজনীয় অবকাঠামো নির্মাণ ব্যয় এবং মেয়াদ হিসাব করে বিদ্যুতের উৎপাদন খরচ বেশি হয়।

তথ্যমতে, ভাসমান পদ্ধতিতে সৌরবিদ্যুৎ উৎপাদনে ভূমির চেয়ে ৩ থেকে ৫ শতাংশ খরচ বেশি হয়। মূলত জলাশয়ের ওপর সোলার প্যানেল বসানোর অবকাঠামো তৈরিতে ব্যয় হয় বেশি। তবে বৃহৎ আকারে বিনিয়োগ করা গেলে খরচ কমে আসবে বলে মনে করছেন বিশেষজ্ঞরা।

দেশে এখনো ভাসমান সৌর প্রকল্প-সংক্রান্ত বড় ধরনের কোনো প্রকল্প নেয়া হয়নি। বাগেরহাটের মোংলায় ১০ কিলোওয়াট সক্ষমতার একটি ভাসমান সৌর প্রকল্প রয়েছে। ২০১৯ সালে মোংলা বন্দর কর্তৃপক্ষের ব্যবস্থাপনায় এ প্রকল্প নির্মাণ করা হয়। নেট মিটারিং ব্যবহার করে সেখানকার পানি পরিশোধনাগারে এ বিদ্যুৎ ব্যবহার করা হচ্ছে।

বিদ্যুৎ বিভাগ বলছে, এডিবির সম্ভাব্যতা যাচাইয়ে বেশকিছু ইতিবাচক ফল পাওয়া গিয়েছে। কিন্তু পাহাড়ি এলাকায় বৃহৎ আকারে এ ধরনের প্রকল্পে পরিবেশগত ছাড়পত্র পাওয়ার জটিলতা রয়েছে।

স্রেডার সৌরবিদ্যুতের রোডম্যাপের খসড়া অনুযায়ী, সারা দেশে নবায়নযোগ্য শক্তি থেকে বিদ্যুৎ উৎপাদনের জন্য সম্ভাব্য জায়গা হিসেবে ১২টি স্থানের ৩ হাজার ৯০০ বর্গকিলোমিটার এলাকা চিহ্নিত করা হয়েছে। এসব জায়গা দেশের বিভিন্ন নদ-নদীর তীরবর্তী। এসব এলাকা কাজে লাগিয়ে অন্তত ১২ হাজার মেগাওয়াট বিদ্যুৎ পাওয়া সম্ভব। এর মধ্যে সৌরবিদ্যুতের সম্ভাব্যতাই বেশি।

ভাসমান সোলার প্রযুক্তি ব্যবহার করে বিশ্বে প্রথম বিদ্যুৎ উৎপাদন চালু করে জাপান। জাপানের পথ অনুসরণ করে ইতালি, স্পেন, কোরিয়া, যুক্তরাষ্ট্র ও চীন এ ধরনের প্রকল্প গ্রহণ করে। এমনকি প্রতিবেশী দেশ ভারতও ২০১৮ সালে মধ্যপ্রদেশে ২৫ মেগাওয়াট সক্ষমতার একটি প্রকল্প বাস্তবায়ন করে। এ প্রকল্পে জলাধার ব্যবহার হয়েছে ১০০ একর জমির সমপরিমাণ।

তবে বাংলাদেশের প্রেক্ষাপটে বৃহদায়তন সৌরবিদ্যুৎ প্রকল্পের সম্ভাবনা নিয়ে আরো জরিপ প্রয়োজন বলে মনে করছেন বিশেষজ্ঞরা। তারা বলছেন, নদীমাতৃক দেশ হিসেবে এ ধরনের প্রকল্পে ব্যাপক সম্ভাবনা থাকলেও সারা বছর পানি থাকে এমন জায়গা আগে চিহ্নিত করতে হবে।

এ বিষয়ে ইউনাইটেড ইন্টারন্যাশনাল ইউনিভার্সিটির সেন্টার ফর এনার্জি রিসার্চের পরিচালক মো. শাহরিয়ার আহমেদ চৌধুরী বণিক বার্তাকে বলেন, নদীমাতৃক বাংলাদেশে ভাসমান সৌরবিদ্যুৎ প্রকল্পের সম্ভাবনা অনেক বেশি। বিশেষত বিভিন্ন নদী, খাল, বিল ও জলাশয় ব্যবহার করে এ ধরনের প্রকল্প গ্রহণ করা যেতে পারে। তবে এ বিষয়ে আরো বিস্তর গবেষণা প্রয়োজন। আসলে কতটুকু সম্ভাবনা আছে, তার বাস্তব চিত্র উঠে আসা দরকার। বিশেষত যেসব এলাকায় সারা বছর পানি থাকে, সেসব এলাকা চিহ্নিত করা দরকার।

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Govt inks deal to set up country's first waste-based power plant

Published:  December 01, 2021 18:57:56


The government has signed an agreement to set up the country's first-ever waste-based power plant at Amin Bazar area of Dhaka.

The government on Wednesday signed the deal to set up a 42.5 MW waste burn method power plant in the area, as it is not harmful to the environment.

"Incineration method for power generation from wastage burn is the best in Bangladesh than the process of Japan and Europe," Local Government, Rural Development and Cooperatives (LGRD) Minister Tazul Islam said this while witnessing a contract signing ceremony as the chief guest at Sonargaon Hotel in the city, reports BSS.

Chaired by Power Division Secretary Md Habibur Rahman, the programme was also addressed, among others, by State Minister for Power, Energy and Mineral Resources Nasrul Hamid, Dhaka North City Corporation Mayor Md Atiqul Islam, Local Government Division Secretary Helaluddin Ahmad, and Chinese Ambassador to Dhaka Li Jiming as special guests.

The minister said the government decided to generate electricity by burning wastage, as it is not harmful to the environment.

The agreements were signed with the local government division, power department, North City Corporation, and China Machinery Engineering Corporation for setting up the power plant.

The minister said as per the deal a Chinese company will generate electricity from waste through the incineration method. A total of 42.5 MW power plant will be set up at Amin Bazar in Dhaka, which will be the beginning of a new chapter in the country.

"The power will be generated by maintaining a balance of the environment and ensuring health protection. The company will start generating electricity within 18 months. Necessary instructions were given in this regard," he said.

Tazul said the Chinese company would set up, operate and maintain the plant at its own risk and added that the City Corporation will provide the necessary land and necessary wastage.

"The power division will purchase generated electricity from the company. Not only Dhaka North City Corporation but also South City Corporation, Gazipur, Narayanganj and all city corporations including Chattogram, divisional and district towns and even municipalities are working to generate electricity from waste," he said.

According to the project details, the estimated cost will be Tk. 153.25 billion and the power plant will require 3,000 tons of waste per day.

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IDCOL to generate 300mw solar power by 2024

Star Business Report

Tue Nov 30, 2021 03:21 PM Last update on: Tue Nov 30, 2021 03:28 PM


The Infrastructure Development Company Limited (IDCOL) organised the workshop on the installation of industrial rooftop solar system at hotel InterContinental Dhaka on Tuesday. Photo: Star

The Infrastructure Development Company Limited (IDCOL) will finance rooftop solar projects that will generate about 300 megawatts of peak electricity by 2024.

Abdul Baki, chief executive officer (in-charge) of IDCOL, revealed the information at an event in Dhaka today.

The IDCOL organised the workshop on the installation of industrial rooftop solar system at hotel InterContinental Dhaka.

The objective of the workshop was to promote rooftop solar technology among the enlisted companies of H&M.

Rooftop solar systems replace grid electricity consumption and reduce electricity bills, he said.

The workshop discussed various aspects of the rooftop solar project including its financial and technical benefits.

The workshop also focused on the net metering benefits for the industries and discussed how the rooftop solar project can help the H&M enlisted companies to reduce their carbon footprint and get more work orders from the global market.

Md Habibur Rahman, director of IDCOL and secretary of Power Division of Ministry of Power, Energy and Mineral Resources, attended the event as the chief guest.

Fatima Yasmin, chairman of IDCOL and secretary of the Economic Relations Division (ERD), chaired the event.

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Bangladesh government signs up for 180 MW of solar electricity

The power development authority has signed 20-year electricity purchase deals relating to four solar projects and has awarded the highest price paid in the country to date for ‘clean’ energy, for an island-based system which includes battery storage and diesel generation.


The government of Bangladesh has agreed to buy the electricity to be generated by four solar projects with a total generation capacity of 181 MW.

The state-run Bangladesh Power Development Board (BPDB) has signed 20-year power purchase agreements as offtaker for the power to be generated by facilities ranging in scale from 3-68 MW.

Two of the projects will receive $0.102/kWh from the power company, a third will receive $0.106, and the smallest facility, which will include battery storage and diesel to supply an island community, has secured the highest price offered for ‘clean energy' in Bangladesh to date: $0.25/kWh.

The largest solar farm to secure the government's signature yesterday is one of two projects being planned by the Bangladesh-China Renewable Energy Company Pvt Ltd, a joint venture between state-owned entities in the two nations. The JV was set up in September last year to establish 500 MW of solar capacity in Bangladesh, with China supplying the funds and Bangladesh the land.

The BPDB has agreed to pay $0.102/kWh for a 68 MW solar site planned by the JV in Sirajganj district, in the north-west of the country, and will pay $0.106 for a 60 MW project being developed in Pabna district.

Bangladesh-China Renewable has already invited bids for the engineering, procurement and construction services contracts for both projects.

Singaporean developer Cyclect Energy was the only bidder for a 50 MW solar project planned in Chuadanga district by the power development board. After lodging a bid to accept $0.12/kWh for the electricity generated at the site, the developer eventually accepted a rate of $0.102 offered by the authority.

The BPDB had tendered for four solar plants in 2018, with the winning bidders to build, own and operate the sites, the other three of which are earmarked for Chittagong, Netrokona, and Mymensingh.

Record price

The record tariff of $0.25/kWh was awarded to a 3 MW solar-battery-diesel project which will serve 18,000 residents on the island of Monpura, in the Bhola district of southern-central Bangladesh. Local newspaper The Business Standard reported that project is being developed by Western Renewable Energy Pvt Ltd, part of Dhaka-based Western Engineering.

The government yesterday also confirmed Chinese developer Canves Environmental Investment Company Ltd will receive $0.215/kWh over 25 years for the electricity to be generated by a 42.5 MW energy-from-waste incinerator planned in Gaziur district, on the outskirts of Dhaka.

Bangladesh reportedly has 777.2 MW of renewable energy generation capacity, with solar making up 543.21 MW of that figure.

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Big push for solar, waste-based power

Cabinet approves 223.5MW power projects

Rejaul Karim Byron , Mahmudul Hasan

Thu Dec 9, 2021 12:00 AM Last update on: Thu Dec 9, 2021 02:34 AM


The government yesterday gave a big push to its renewable energy and waste-based power generation drive as it approved five projects with a combined electricity production capacity of 223.5 megawatts.

The cabinet committee on public purchase gave the go-ahead to the projects to be implemented by mainly Chinese companies. The government will purchase electricity from the projects for a period of 20 to 25 years.

The approval came as the government outlined the country's ambitious goal of generating more than 4,100 megawatts of electricity from renewable energy sources by 2030 in its updated Nationally Determined Contributions submitted to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change before the COP26.

The cabinet approved a waste-based 42.5-MW power plant in the Gazipur City Corporation area.

The government will purchase electricity for 25 years from Canves Environmental Investment Company Ltd of China at Tk 17.20 per kilowatt-hour of power.

Shaheen Kabir Khan, chief coordinator for Bangladesh at Canves, says the plant will be based on incineration technology, and its cost is low compared to other waste-based energy projects.

The city corporation will supply 2,500 tonnes of mixed-waste per day to the plant after collecting them from city-dwellers.

The estimated investment will be about $450 million and Canves will bear the cost.

"It will be environment-friendly, and 40 per cent of investment will be spent to safeguard the environment," said Khan.

The plant is part of the government initiative to set up waste-based power stations aiming to streamline waste management.

On December 1, an agreement was signed between the Bangladesh Power Development Board (BPDB), the Dhaka North City Corporation, and China Machinery Engineering Corporation to develop the country's maiden waste-based power plant at Aminbazar in Dhaka.
The plant will have capacity to produce 42.5 MW of electricity.

There will be two more waste-to-power plants in near future in the city corporation areas of Narayanganj and Chattogram. Many such proposals have already been submitted to the ministry and the BPDB, said a BPDB official. The cabinet gave its consent to three solar power-run projects.

Bangladesh-China Renewable Energy Company, a joint venture of North-West Power Generation Company and China National Machinery Import & Export Corporation, will set up a 60-MW solar power plant in Pabna's Sujanagar.

The government will buy electricity for 20 years at Tk 8.48 per unit.

The joint venture will also set up a 68-MW solar power plant in Sirajganj Sadar upazila. Each unit will cost Tk 8.16.

Cyclect Energy Pte. Ltd of Singapore will build a 50-MW solar power plant in Chuadanga's Jibannagar upazila. The government will buy electricity at Tk 8.16 per unit.

Western Renewable Energy Pvt Ltd will set up a 3MW solar-battery, diesel-based hybrid power plant in Monpura upazila of Bhola. Each unit will cost Tk 21.25.

Khondaker Golam Moazzem, research director at the Centre for Policy Dialogue, described the focus on renewable energy as very positive.

About waste-to-power generation, he said, "It would help waste management that is very tough to manage. Besides, electricity generated from such power plants would cut the dependency on fossil fuels."   

"However, site selection should be done with utmost care so that it doesn't affect local communities. The implications of such plants on the environment should also be taken into account."

Currently, Bangladesh's installed power generation capacity is about 24,000 MW. Of the amount, 777 MWs are generated from renewable sources, representing about 3 per cent of the total production.

Electricity generation from renewable sources is expected to rise as projects involving the capacity to produce about 2,000 MW of electricity are in the pipeline.

Presently, nine solar power plants are being constructed with a combined capacity of 450 MW, and a wind power project that will produce 60 MW.

Besides, deals are set to be inked to establish 12 solar plants with a collective generation capacity of 500 MW and a few other wind and biomass plants with the capacity totaling 130 MW.

"Renewable energy in Bangladesh has made impressive strides in recent times, and the total power generation from the segment will increase significantly by the current fiscal year," said Mohammad Alauddin, chairman of the Sustainable and Renewable Energy Development Authority. 

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বঙ্গোপসাগরে ২০ হাজার মেগাওয়াট বায়ু বিদ্যুৎ উৎপাদনের সম্ভাবনা

 আজকের নাটোর

 প্রকাশিত: ১৯ ডিসেম্বর ২০২১  


বঙ্গোপসাগরে ২০ হাজার মেগাওয়াট বায়ু বিদ্যুৎ উৎপাদনের রিসোর্স রয়েছে বলে জানা গেছে। ইতোমধ্যেই রিসোর্স ম্যাপিং করার উদ্যোগও নেওয়া হয়েছে। অন্যদিকে নেটমিটারিং এর আওতায় রুফটপ সোলার স্থাপনে নতুন মাত্রা যুক্ত হয়েছে। তবে সকল চেম্বার ও ব্যাংকগুলোকে নিয়ে রুপটপ স্থাপনে সচেতনা বাড়ানোর উদ্যোগ নিলে বড় সাফল্য পাওয়া যাবে। সোলার হোম সিস্টেম করে যদি কেউ নেট মিটারিংয়ে বিদ্যুৎ বিক্রি করে তাহলে সে স্বাবলম্বী হতে পারে। বিশেষ করে যারা সোশ্যাল সেফটি প্রোগ্রামের আওতায় আর্থিক সহায়তা পায় সে যদি ওই অর্থ সোলারে বিনিয়োগ করে তাহলে সেও লাভবান হবে আর রিনিউবল এনার্জি উৎপাদন পরিমাণও বাড়বে। নতুন টেকনোলজি হাইড্রোজেন বা নাইট্রোজেন নিয়ে আমাদের কাজ এখনই শুরু করতে হবে।

শনিবার স্রেডা ও জিআইজেড এর সহায়তায় এনার্জি অ্যান্ড পাওয়ার আয়োজিত ইপি টকস অন ‘কপ২৬ আউটকাম অ্যান্ড ইটস ইমপ্লিকেশন অন এনার্জি ট্রানজিশন ফর বাংলাদেশ’ শীর্ষক আলোচনায় প্রধান অতিথি আবুল কালাম আজাদ এসব কথা বলেন।

আজকের অনুষ্ঠানের প্রধান অতিথি হিসাবে যুক্ত ছিলেন বাংলাদেশ এনার্জি ফোরামের প্রেসিডেন্ট এবং সিভিএফ প্রেসিডেন্সির স্পেশাল এনভয় আবুল কালাম আজাদ। বিশেষ অতিথি হিসাবে যুক্ত ছিলেন সাসটেনেবল অ্যান্ড রিনিয়েবল এনার্জি ডেভলপমেন্ট অথরিটির চেয়ারম্যান ও সরকারের অতিরিক্ত সচিব মোহাম্মদ আলাউদ্দিন। আলোচ্য বিষয়ের উপর মূল প্রবন্ধ উপস্থাপন করেন সাবেক অতিরিক্ত সচিব, ক্লাইমেট নেগোসিয়েটর ও ফ্যাকাল্টি অব নর্থ সাউথ ইউনভারসিটি ড. নুরুল কাদির। প্যানেলিস্ট হিসাবে যুক্ত ছিলেন বিদ্যুৎ খাতের থিংকট্যাংক প্রতিষ্ঠান পাওয়ার সেলের মহাপরিচালক ইঞ্জিনিয়ার মোহাম্মদ হোসেন, পরিবেশ অধিদপ্তরের পরিচালক ও ক্লাইমেট নেগোসিয়েটর মো. জিয়াউল হক, ইন্টারন্যাশনাল সেন্টার ফর ক্লাইমেট চেইঞ্জ এন্ড ডেভলপমেন্ট, ইউডিপেডেন্ট ইউনিভারসিটির উপপরিচালক ড. মিজান আর খান এবং জিআইজেড এর আইইইপি ২ প্রোগ্রাম কো-অর্ডিনেটর ইঞ্জিনিয়ার আল মুদাবির বিন আনাম। অনুষ্ঠানটি সঞ্চালনা করেন এনার্জি অ্যান্ড পাওয়ার সম্পাদক মোল্লাহ আমজাদ হোসেন।

আবুল কালাম আজাদ বলেন, এনার্জি বা ক্লাইমেট চেঞ্জ নিয়ে সবার মাঝে বেশ আগ্রহ দেখা যাচ্ছে। কপ২৬ এ এই প্রথম ফসিল ফুয়েল আর কয়লা নিয়ে ব্যাপক আলোচনার পর একটা সমঝোতা হয়েছে। তবে চূড়ান্ত অর্জন হয়নি।উন্নত দেশসহ বিশ্বের সকল দেশকে দুই বছর পর পর এনডিসির হালনাগাদ তথ্য দিতে হবে এমন বাধ্যবাধকতা এবারের বড় সাফল্য। আর বিশ্ব নেতৃবৃন্দের সক্রিয় অংশগ্রহণ খুবই আশাব্যঞ্জক। বিশেষ করে কম কার্বন দূষণ কমিয়ে ১.৫ ডিগ্রি তাপমাত্রা বজায় রাখা এবং বার্ষিক ১০০ বিলিয়ন ডলার তহবিল পাওয়া নিয়ে প্রতিশ্রুতি এবারের সাফল্য। আঞ্চলিক বিদ্যুৎ বাণিজ্যে নবায়নযোগ্য উৎস জলবিদ্যুৎ এবং সোলার যোগ করা সম্ভব হলে কার্বন দূষণ কমাতে তা বড় অবদান রাখবে। কপ২৭ এর প্রস্তুতি হিসাবে আমাদের আয়োজনগুলো অব্যাহত রাখতে হবে। যাতে করে আমরা আগামী দিনে আরো পরিকল্পিতভাবে নেগোসিয়েশনকে এগিয়ে নিতে পারি।

মোহাম্মদ আলাউদ্দিন বলেন, কপ২৬ ব্যাপক সাড়া জাগিয়েছে। সবার মাঝে সচেতনতা বেড়েছে। সোলার নিয়ে আমাদের সাফল্য অনেক। তবে আমাদের হাইড্রো পাওয়ার আমদানির বিষয়ে গুরুত্ব দিতে হবে। মাস্টার প্ল্যানে যা আছে সেটা অনুসরণ করে এগিয়ে যেতে হবে। মাস্টার প্ল্যান অনুযায়ী এনার্জি এফিশিয়েন্সি বিষয়ে পাঁচটি প্রোগ্রাম বর্তমানে চালু আছে। কার্বন দূষণ কমনোর জন্য এনার্জি এফিশিয়েন্ট প্রোডাক্ট ব্যবহার খুবই কার্যকর হতে পারে। এছাড়া প্রাইমারি এনার্জি ব্যবহার কমাতে স্রেডা কাজ করে যাচ্ছে।

মোহাম্মদ হোসেন বলেন, আমাদের এনডিসি টার্গেট অর্জন করতে হলে বর্তমানে নবায়নযোগ্য এনার্জি নিয়ে যেভাবে কাজ হচ্ছে তার অগ্রগতি ৪ গুণ বাড়াতে হবে। বর্তমানে রিনিউবলে আমাদের যে অবস্থান সেটা হলো প্রায় ৭০০ মেগাওয়াট। এর ৪ গুণ অর্থাৎ ২৮০০ মেগাওয়াট রিনিউবল টোটাল কার্বন দূষণ কমাতে তেমন কোনো ভ‚মিকা রাখবে না। আসলে উন্নত দেশগুলোকেই দায়িত্ব নিতে হবে। ক্লাইমেট পার্সপেক্টিভ প্ল্যানে যা বলা আছে তা একবারেই প্রাথমিক পর্যায়ের। তবে ৪ গুণ রিনিউবল এনার্জি অর্জন করা খুবই সম্ভব। যেহেতু দেশে ১০০ ভাগ বিদ্যুতায়ন হয়ে গেছে তাই সোলার এনার্জি উৎপাদনে জোর দিয়ে গ্রিডে নেওয়ার ব্যবস্থা করা হচ্ছে। ৫০ থেকে ১০০ মেগাওয়াট সোলার এনার্জি গ্রিডে সংযুক্ত করার প্রক্রিয়া চলছে। এছাড়া বর্জ্য থেকে বিদ্যুৎ উৎপাদনের জন্য চুক্তি হয়েছে। বর্জ্য দূষণের অন্যতম কারণ। তাই বর্জ্য থেকে বিদ্যুৎ উৎপাদন হলে লাভ উভয়মুখী। উইন্ড পাওয়ার অফশোরে কিছুটা পাওয়া সম্ভব। নেপাল ও ভুটান থেকে জলবিদ্যুৎ পাওয়ার বড় সম্ভাবনা দেখা দিয়েছে। এছাড়া নেট জিরো অর্জনের জন্য এনার্জি এফিশিয়েন্সির উপর জোর দেওয়া হয়েছে।

জিয়াউল হক বলেন, এবারের কপে মিটিগেশনের ক্ষেত্রে প্রথমবারের মতো ১.৫ ডিগ্রি তাপামাত্রা বজায় রাখতে এবং ২০৩০ সালের মধ্যে ৪৫% কার্বন দূষণ কমান এমন ধরনের সংখ্যা নির্ধারণ করা গেছে। তবে প্রতিটি দেশকে এনডিসির মাধ্যমে ১.৫ ডিগ্রি তাপামাত্রা বজায় রাখতে পরিকল্পনা নিয়ে এগুতে হবে। দুই বছর পর ২০২৪ সালে এর অগ্রগতির রিপোর্ট দিতে হবে। সোলার, হাইড্রো, নিউ হাইড্রো, উইন্ড সবমিলিয়েই ২০৩০ এর মধ্যে তাপমাত্রা নিচে রাখার টার্গেট অর্জনে কাজ করতে হবে। বাংলাদেশের জন্য আন্তর্জাতিক সহায়তা পাওয়া খুবই সম্ভব। তবে আমরা যদি নাইট্রোজেন প্রযুক্তি ব্যবহার করতে পারি তাহলে টার্গেট অর্জন করা সহজ হবে।

আল মুদাব্বির বিন আনাম বলেন, কপ২৬ এ বেশকিছু হতাশা থাকলেও আশাবাদও দেখা গেছে। তবে আমাদের অবস্থান শক্তভাবে ধরে রাখতে পেরেছি। সিভিএফ ফোরামের প্রেসিডেন্সি হিসেবে প্রধানমন্ত্রী শেখ হাসিনা অত্যন্ত সফল হয়েছেন। ফসিল ফুয়েলের সাপ্লাই এবং দাম অনিশ্চিত। সেইসঙ্গে দেশের এনার্জি চাহিদাও বাড়ছে। তবে রিনিউবল এনার্জির দক্ষতা বাড়ছে কিন্তু দাম কমছে। আশার কথা দেশে এনার্জি এফিশিয়েন্সি অর্জন উদ্যোগ বাড়ছে। আমাদের উন্নয়ন সুসংহত করতে এনার্জি এফিশিয়েন্সি আরও বাড়াতে হবে। এজন্য একশন আর কম্প্রহেনসিভ প্ল্যান প্রয়োজন। এবছর প্রথম জ্বালানি ও বিদ্যুৎ নিয়ে সমন্বিত মাস্টার প্ল্যান করা হচ্ছে। এনার্জি ট্রান্সমিশনের মাধ্যমে দেশের উন্নয়ন আরও ত্বরান্বিত হবে।

মিজান আর খান বলেন, কপ২৬ এ প্রথমবারের মতো ফসিল ফুয়েল কয়লা ফেজডাউন করতে সবাই সম্মত হয়েছে। এতে করে বাংলাদেশ হয়তো এফেক্টেড হবে। আরেকটি ইতিবাচক বিষয় হলো, কপ২৬ এ ‘এনার্জি ট্রানজিশন কাউন্সিল’ গঠন করা হয়েছে। বাংলাদেশে রিনিউবল এনার্জিতে বর্তমান অবস্থান মাত্র ৩ শতাংশ। সেক্ষেত্রে যে টার্গেট নেওয়া হয়েছে তা অত্যন্ত উচ্চাভিলাশি। অন্যদিকে কয়লা ব্যবহার নিয়ে যে সিদ্ধান্ত নেওয়া হয়েছে তা নতুন করে ভেবে দেখা প্রয়োজন। ভবিষ্যতে যে এনার্জি ডিমান্ড বাড়বে তা আমরা কয়লা ছাড়া মিট করতে পারব কিনা ভেবে দেখতে হবে।

ড. নূরুল কাদির বলেন, তাপমাত্রা ১.৫ বজায় রাখা সম্ভব যদি সবাই যেভাবে এসডিসি সাবমিট করেছে তা বাস্তবায়ন করে। এবার কার্বন দূষণে প্রধান ইস্যু ছিল কয়লা। তবে চায়না এবং ভারতের কারণে ফেজআউটের পরিবর্তে ফেজডাউন করতে হয়েছে। তবে আশার কথা ফসিল ফুয়েলে অদক্ষ সাবসিডি কমাতে রাজি করা গেছে আর ফেজডাউন দ্রুত করার প্রতিশ্রতিও পাওয়া গেছে। এর আগে এডাপটেশন নিয়ে লক্ষ্য ছিল না। এবার এডাপটেশন লক্ষ্য স্থির করার উদ্যোগ শুরু হয়েছে। এবিষয়ে দেশের মধ্যে এবং আন্তর্জাতিক পর্যায়ে প্ল্যান তৈরি করা হয়েছে। উন্নয়নকামী দেশগুলোকে সার্বক্ষণিক সহায়তার আশ্বাসও পাওয়া গেছে। লস অ্যান্ড ড্যামেজের জন্য ডেডিকেটেড ফান্ড পাওয়া যায়নি। কপ২৬ এ ফান্ড পাওয়ার কথা ছিল কিন্তু তা হয়নি। তবে এবিষয়ে ২ বছর ধরে আলোচনা চলার সিদ্ধান্ত হয়েছে, যা আশার কথা। ২০২৪ সালে একটা ফল আসতে পারে।

তিনি বলেন, বার্ষিক ১০০ বিলিয়ন ডলার পাওয়ার কথা কিন্তু এটাও হয়নি। তবে প্রথমবারের মতো উন্নত দেশগুলো একটা বাধ্যবাধকতার মধ্যে এসেছে। প্যারিস রুলবুক চূড়ান্ত হয়েছে এবং সবাই মেনে নিয়েছে। ৫ বছরের জন্য একটা পরিকল্পনা দিতেও সম্মত করা গেছে।

সর্বপরি লস এন্ড ড্যামেজে কাজ শুরুর জন্য কপ থেকে ৪ মিলিয়ন ডলারের তহবিল পাওয়ার প্রতিশ্রæতি একটি বড় সাফল্য। যা কপ২৭ এ এই আলোচনাকে আরো এগিয়ে নিয়ে সহায়তা করবে।

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Bangladesh’s first agri-PV plant set to get green light

Bangladesh’s first agrivoltaic solar power plant is set to receive government approval on Wednesday, Dec. 29.



Vertical crops will be planted for different types of berries.

Image: BayWa r.e.

The 3.77MW Soudia Agro Solar PV Power Plant will be located across 12.5 acres of land in the Pabna district in central Bangladesh. The estimated cost for the project is around US$7 million.

Developer Soudia Agro Solar PV Power Plant Ltd – a joint venture between Solarland China and local company Mostafa Motors – is expected to sign a power purchase and implementation agreement with the Bangladesh Power Development Board for the project on Dec. 29.

An electricity tariff of $0.1074/kWh has been set and the government will buy the generated electricity for a period of 20 years. The project is expected to be completed by next October and will be connected to the Bera-1 33/11kv PBS-2 Substation.

Chinese PV inverter manufacturer Huawei will supply its string inverters and smart transformer station for the project while the developer has invited tenders for the selection of an EPC contractor. No further supplier details were released.

The land for the project is classified as normal agricultural fertile land and the developer has it will introduce special technologies for the different types of agricultural work expected, including five specially designed solar mounting structures. It declined to elaborate further on these, however,  it did say a major portion of the area under the solar panels will be used for farming local chickens, ducks, goats, sheep, bees, and other domestic animals. Vertical crops will also be planted for different types of berries and a greenhouse is also expected to be installed, although no further details were disclosed on this either.

“Considering the scarcity of land in Bangladesh and high potentiality for solar projects, the combination of solar and agriculture will be the best choice here,” project director Abdul Gaffar told pv magazine.

Taking root

Since 2014, around 2,800 Agri-PV systems have reportedly been deployed worldwide, with a total capacity of about 2.9GWp. Regulatory frameworks and support schemes are already in place in Japan, South Korea, China, France, and Massachusetts, the US, and are reportedly under development in the Netherlands, Switzerland, Austria, Germany, India, and California, the US.

It wasn’t until 2019, however, that this niche market really began to take root. Over the past two years, research, policy discussions, and projects have gained traction, while the first agrivoltaics conference was held last October, attracting over 350 participants from 38 countries. In Q1 2021, pv magazine's UP Initiative shined a spotlight on agrivoltaics in recognition of this emerging market. You can read a summary of our coverage here.

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Bangladesh set to approve 70MW solar plant

Plans for a solar farm in the district of Pabna have been scaled back from the 100MW envisaged by a consortium of developers and the partner companies have also had to reduce the value of the tariff they hoped to receive from the government for the power generated.



The latest plans come amid a flurry of solar developments in the nation.

Image: Technaf Solartech Energy Limited

A 70MW grid-connected solar plant will be set up in Ishwardi upazila, or borough, in the central Bangladesh district of Pabna.

A consortium comprising South Korean rubber product and construction business Hi Korea Co Ltd and entities called Daihan Green Energy Co Ltd and Pabna Solar Power Ltd will jointly set up the plant on a build, own and operate basis on 182 acres of land.

The Bangladeshi government is set to buy electricity generated at the site for $0.1015/kWh under a 20-year deal.

The prime minister’s office has indicated the development should go ahead under the Quick Enhancement of Electricity and Energy Supply (Special Provision) Act 2021.

Power division officials have said a site visit they carried out saw the original plans scaled back from the 100MW, 539 acres envisaged by the development partners, who wanted to sell their power for $0.1550/kWh. The power division's technical committee said the smaller plans would be more appropriate, considering factors including land acquisition and development permits, equipment transportation, and power evacuation infrastructure. The electricity tariff was subsequently revised down by a separate power division committee.

With officials estimating the government would pay $215 million over 20 years for clean electricity at the agreed tariff, the cabinet committee on government procurement will soon seek approval for the Bangladesh Power Development Board to sign the power purchase agreement.

The latest large scale solar plans come on the heels of the commissioning, at the end of the year, of the nation's largest solar plant to date, a 100MW array in southwestern Bangladesh.

The country now reportedly hosts 777.4MW of renewable energy generation capacity.

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Bangladeshi cabinet approves another 120MW of solar

A 70MW solar plant at Pabna has today been rubber-stamped, together with a 50MW site in the Mymensingh district proposed by Total Eren alongside Norwegian and local development partners.



The nation has almost 800MW of renewables capacity, including this 100MW Energon Renewables project near Mongla.

Image: Energon Renewables (BD) Ltd

Plans for a 70MW solar plant in Bangladesh, reported by pv magazine yesterday, have secured approval from the government, with the cabinet committee on government purchase also waving through a separate, 50MW project.

The committee, chaired by finance minister AHM Mustafa Kamal, gave the green light to Korean companies Daehan Green Energy Co Ltd and Hi Korea Co Ltd – plus local developer Pabna Solar Power Ltd – to construct a 70MW, 182-acre solar field at Pabna, and also gave the nod to a 50MW facility in Mymensingh district.

The latter project will be developed by French clean energy business Total Eren, Oslo-based Norwegian Renewables Group AS, and Bangladeshi company Urban Services Ltd, on a build, own and operate basis. With the site in the Muktagacha upazila, or borough, of Mymensingh, the developers will have to build a 20km power line to the nearest 132/33 kV grid sub station.

Government approval for the projects clears the way for state body the Bangladesh Power Development Board to sign off 20-year power purchase agreements committing to buy the electricity generated at the two sites.

The government will pay $0.1015/kWh for the electricity to be generated by the projects, adding up to a $215 million, 20-year commitment for the larger, Pabna facility, which will be based in Ishwardi upazila, and $153 million in Mymensingh.

In each case, the tariff was agreed under the Quick Enhancement of Electricity and Energy Supply (Special Provision) Act 2021, with the approval of the prime minister's office.

Bangladesh hosts 777.4MW of renewable energy generation capacity and the government wants to generate 40% of its electricity from renewables by 2041, and all of it by mid century, as a member of the Climate Vulnerable Forum of states affected by climate change.

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