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Renewable Energy in Bangladesh


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16 January, 2022, 03:25 pm

Last modified: 16 January, 2022, 03:28 pm

Govt exploring rooftop, floating solar power for scarcity of lands: Nasrul 

State Minister for Power, Energy and Mineral Resources Nasrul Hamid has said that the government is exploring options like rooftop and floating solar power plants as alternatives to land-based ones due to scarcity of lands.   

He said it is not possible to set up land-based large-scale solar plants as lands are being used for agriculture and other necessary purposes.

The state minister made the remarks while presiding over the virtually held "Member Interventions" session of the 12th assembly of the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) on Saturday evening.

Stressing the need for international cooperation to address the global energy challenges in a credible manner, he said regional and sub-regional cooperation is also essential in this regard.

He urged all to work together to keep the modern and innovative technologies open for all at an affordable cost.

Nasrul Hamid mentioned that Bangladesh has been making all its efforts with limited resources to promote renewable energy.

"Over 20 million people of the country have been brought under the electricity facilities through setting up over six million solar home systems," he added.

Moreover, people of the remote areas are being given electricity through installing 26 solar mini-grids while 2,000 diesel-run irrigation pumps were converted into solar-run pumps to reduce the use of liquid fuels.

Nasrul said currently the country is generating 650MW electricity from solar energy while eight grid-tied solar parks, having 231MW capacity, were set up across the country.    

He said the government has introduced the net metering system to encourage rooftop solar while initiatives have been taken to use other sources of renewable energy like wind, waste to generate electricity.

Projects were undertaken to generate 245MW of electricity from wind while Dhaka North City Corporation signed a contract to set up a 42.5MW waste to energy plant.

The conference was attended by representatives from Zimbabwe, Colombia, India, US,  el Salvador, Belgium, Norway, Uruguay, Canada, Indonesia, Singapore, Greece, Spain, China, Japan, Switzerland, Croatia, Turkmenistan, Serbia, Germany, France, Italy, Sun Marino, and Saudi Arabia.


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নবায়নযোগ্য, সবুজ জ্বালানির মাধ্যমে ২০৫০ সালের মধ্যে কার্বন নিঃসরণ নিট-জিরোতে নামানোর লক্ষ্যস্থির করেছে সরকার।

দেশে বর্তমানে মোট কার্বন নিঃসরণের ৪৭ শতাংশই করে বিদ্যুৎ খাত।

বর্তমানে দেশের মোট বিদ্যুৎ উৎপাদন ক্ষমতা প্রায় ২৫ হাজার মেগাওয়াট। এই বিদ্যুতের ৯৩ শতাংশই উৎপাদিত হয় জীবাশ্ম জ্বালানি দিয়ে।



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Bangladesh to get its first wind power plant in Cox’s Bazar

The 60MW plant will cost Tk900 crore


Abdul Aziz, Cox’s Bazar

March 31, 2022 2:20 PM

The country's first wind power project is being implemented in Khurushkul of Cox’s Bazar Sadar upazila.

State Minister for Energy and Mineral Resources Nasrul Hamid laid the foundation stone of the project on Thursday.

The wind power plant would generate 60MW of electricity upon project completion.

Besides, there will be another wind park in Inani capable of generating 50MW of electricity, said State Minister Nasrul.


State Minister for Energy and Mineral Resources Nasrul Hamid is seen at the inauguration ceremony of a wind park project in Cox’s Bazar on Thursday, March 31, 2022 Dhaka Tribune

The director of the project in Khurushkul, Mukit Alam Khan, said the government is constructing the plant at a cost of Tk900 crore.

The project will reach completion by December, he said, adding that the electricity generated by this plant will be connected to the national grid after meeting local demand.

It is being implemented by US-DK Green Energy (BD) Ltd.

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Eyamin Sajid

22 April, 2022, 01:00 pm

Last modified: 22 April, 2022, 02:56 pm

Rooftop solar now a popular choice for industries to cut power bills

Rooftop solar system offers a ray of light in achieving target despite some shortcomings


Heritage Polymer and Lami Tube Ltd, a factory dealing in PVC pipes, fittings and packaging in Narayanganj's Sonargaon, had been paying a big amount of money to Narayanganj Palli Bidyut Samity-1 every month for electricity consumption until it got a solar park on its rooftop last month.

The factory's electricity bill has now dropped by around 34% with the 3.161 megawatt-peak (MWp) installed capacity of solar power.

In the daytime, the solar system produces electricity from sunlight and feeds the power distribution grid if generation is higher than consumption.

On 1 April this year, Akij Group, one of the leading business conglomerates in the country, also set up a 470kW rooftop solar plant at Janata Jute Mills located in Faridpur's Boalmari.

Rooftop solar thus comes as a popular choice for industries to minimise electricity cost.

As many as 1,703 firms and factories have installed rooftop solar systems under net metering model since 2018 to minimise energy costs and reduce carbon emission.

The government aspires to generate 40% of its total electricity from renewable sources by 2041 even though it now produces only 3% from renewables, such as solar, wind and hydro power.

The rooftop solar system offers a ray of light in achieving the target despite some shortcomings, among which are a lack of adequate land and a low speed wind, said Mahmood Malik, immediate past first executive director and chief executive officer at Infrastructure Development Company Limited (IDCOL). 

The authorities are now trying to make use of the on-grid rooftop solar system to increase the contribution of renewable energy to the total energy mix. 

Power distribution companies are encouraging industrial consumers to set up such projects on unused rooftops. 

Bikash Dewan, managing director at Dhaka Power Distribution Company, said the company is implementing rooftop solar projects based on a yearly target. 

Besides, some local renewable energy promoting agencies, such as IDCOL, Rahimafrooz Bangladesh Ltd and Alpine Technologies, have also come forward to expedite the rooftop solar programme under a cheaper but advanced model. 

Alpine Technologies also provides a flat rate for a contract period of more than 20 years. 

Being a solar energy solution providing company, Alpine Technologies provides both technical and financial feasibility studies, power output projections, electrical designs, combinations with existing substations, control panels, material procurement, quality control, system designs and detailed analyses, and operation and maintenance.

Md Tariqul Islam, CEO of Alpine Technologies, said his firm's model will reduce 30-40% of electricity bills of industrial consumers as the model uses unused or unutilised roof spaces of the industries. 

"This is one of the finest ideas to reduce the power load of the industry along with rolling back carbon emission and raising the green standard of the industry," he said. 

He also said returns from investment on installation of rooftop solar systems are very high, and it does not take more than 5 years to get a payback, said Md Tariqul Islam. 

How an on-grid rooftop solar system works 

If the rooftop owner connects the facility with the national grid through the net metering system, a billing mechanism that credits solar energy facility owners for adding electricity to the grid, the monthly electricity consumption will decrease and so will the bills. 

During daylight hours, electricity generated from a net-metered rooftop PV system will go to the national grid if the generation exceeds the consumer's demand. 

For feeding the national grid, electricity meters will run backwards to provide a credit to users and customers are only billed for their "net" energy use at the end of the month.

Solution offered by Alpine Technologies

To expedite rooftop solar power, Alpine Technologies offers its services in two methods – Capital Expenditure (CapEx) and Operational Expenditure (OpEx). 

In the CapEx model, capital investment is done by end-users. It is the most convenient and simplified model where design and implementation are done by Alpine and its international EPC partner, with the end-users bearing the expenditure of the project.

On the other hand, under the OpEx model, end-users are liable to bear operational expenses only. To implement any project under this model, Alpine and its international EPC partner will design, implement and maintain the project whereas end-users will just pay a bill at a fixed rate that is lower than the Rural Electrification Board's rate. 

This rate will be set and will be fixed by signing a power purchase agreement between both parties for 20 years. 

What holds back expansion of rooftop solar power

Infrastructure Development Company Limited, a government-owned non-bank financial institution specialising in financing renewables, said around 5,000 megawatts of electricity can be generated by installing solar panels on the rooftops of readymade garments, textiles and other industries in the country.

However, at present, the country can generate only 77 MWp of electricity from 1,691 both on-grid and off-grid rooftops solar facilities. 

Talking about this limited amount of rooftop solar electricity, Md Tariqul Islam said gas fired-captive power is a major problem in the expansion of on-grid rooftop solar power in industries. 

Industry owners are reluctant to adopt a no-grid rooftop solar project as gas-fired captive power is the cheapest way of electricity production, he said.

"If the government wants to promote renewable energy, it should discourage gas-based captive-power," he added. 

Apart from this, taxation and policy hindrances are significant reasons behind the slow pace in the expansion of rooftop solar. 

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Eyamin Sajid

25 May, 2022, 07:00 pm

Last modified: 25 May, 2022, 07:06 pm

Bangladesh among top 20 prospective solar farm capacity nations

As of now, Bangladesh could develop capacity to generate 554.17MW electricity from solar power and 2.9MW from wind power


Bangladesh is one of the top 20 countries with prospective solar farm capacity, says data published recently by the Global Energy Monitor (GEM).

However, it said the country is nowhere on the list of the current top 20 wind power capacity nations.

GEM, the San Francisco-based fossil fuel and renewable energy projects monitor, launched this new tracker on 24 May, showing country-by-country build-out of utility-scale solar and wind energy projects.

GEM released two new tools for tracking the global transition to renewable energy: a wind power tracker covering wind farm phases of 10 megawatts (MW) or more, and a solar power tracker covering utility-scale solar PV farm phases of 20MW or more, while it is 10MW or more in Arabic-speaking countries.

Combining government, corporate, and other public data, the two trackers provide project-level data to show the speed and extent to which countries are building out wind and solar power.

As per the tracker, Bangladesh has development capacity of around 2,665 prospective solar farms and hardly 355 prospective wind farms. The country has 34 solar farm phase counts with only seven wind farm phase counts.

A solar project phase is generally defined as a group of one or more solar units that are installed under one permit, and one power purchase agreement, and typically come online at the same time.

However, the report did not disclose the prospect of electricity generation capacity from solar and wind energy. 

As of now, Bangladesh could develop capacity to generate 554.17MW electricity from solar power and 2.9MW from wind power, while the country's total power generation capacity is above 22GW – excluding captive power.

The recently released Global Solar Power Tracker catalogues every solar farm phase at these capacity thresholds of any status, including operating, announced, under development, under construction, shelved, cancelled, mothballed, or retired. 

The Global Wind Power Tracker (GWPT) catalogues 13,263 operating utility-scale wind farm phases generating 681.4GW in 144 countries, and additional wind farm phases that would potentially generate 882GW.

Countries with the most operating utility-scale wind projects are China at 261.2GW, the United States at 127.3GW, Germany at 39.6GW, Spain at 26.8GW, and India at 23.7GW.

The Global Solar Power Tracker (GSPT) catalogues 5,190 operating utility-scale solar farm phases generating 289.7GW in 148 countries, and an additional 3,551 prospective projects that would generate 651.6GW. Utility-scale solar projects account for roughly 65% of total global solar capacity with the remaining 35% being residential and commercial installations.

Countries with the most operating utility-scale solar projects are China at 130.3GW, the United States at 43.4GW, India at 29.0GW, Vietnam at 11.3GW, and Mexico at 10.5GW.

"Capturing the full extent of utility solar and wind energy build-out around the world is critical for measuring progress towards the energy transition," said Ingrid Behrsin, project manager for GEM's Global Wind Power Tracker.

"With open-access project-level data like this, we are now in a much stronger position to track how countries are stacking up against their own stated goals in renewables," Ingrid Behrsin added.  

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Bangladesh seeks Swedish support to fight climate challenges

Published:  June 02, 2022 18:32:51 | Updated:  June 02, 2022 18:58:04

Foreign Minister AK Abdul Momen, now in Stockholm on a three-day visit, has said that the plights of displaced coastal people due to sea-level rise may turn into a security issue if the current trend continues.

Momen and his Swedish counterpart Ann Linde had a bilateral meeting on Wednesday on the sidelines of the Stockholm+50 international meeting and sought Swedish assistance to enhance Bangladesh’s capacity to adapt to the adverse effects of the climate crisis.

Bangladesh and Sweden have agreed to strengthen and expand cooperation to combat climate change challenges through joint efforts, reports UNB.

He invited Sweden to build partnership with Bangladesh on further cooperation in climate adaptation, renewable energy, innovation, technology transfer and green growth.

The Swedish foreign minister applauded Bangladesh’s leadership role in global climate change discourses, especially as Climate Vulnerable Forum (CVF) Chair under the leadership of Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina, said the Ministry of Foreign Affairs on Thursday.

Momen said they have just passed on the presidency of CVF, an alliance of 55 climate vulnerable nations- to Ghana. “However, we will continue to promote the interests of the vulnerable nations as part of the TROIKA of CVF.”

He also requested Sweden to enhance and diversify its climate cooperation with Bangladesh through GCF, Adaptation Fund (AF), and Least Developed Countries Fund (LDCF).

Momen also stressed on the need of additional financing mechanism for loss and damage.

The two ministers underlined the importance of global cooperation for effective implementation of the Paris Agreement and agreed to work together to that end.

While emphasizing on the importance of trade and investment for a strengthened bilateral relation, Momen urged Sweden to further diversify its exports beyond the traditional items and invest in the 100 Economic Zones that the government of Bangladesh has established.

He sought Sweden’s proactive role in both bilateral and multilateral contexts in promoting the safe, dignified and voluntary return of the forcibly displaced Rohingyas to their homes in Myanmar at the earliest.

Stockholm+50 international environmental meeting being held from June 1-3 under the theme “Stockholm+50: a healthy planet for the prosperity of all – our responsibility, our opportunity.”

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Plans for 200 MW of solar in Bangladesh

An initial 30 MW slice of generation capacity, to include agrivoltaics and aquavoltaics, is set to be generating by 2024 according to the Hong Kong-Bangladeshi JV which plans to develop the site.


A Hong Kong-Bangladeshi joint venture is preparing to seek approval for the first, 30 MW slice of a planned 200 MW agrivoltaic and aquavoltaic site in Cox's Bazar.

The PDL-Greene Solar Power Ltd joint venture set up by Hong Kong business Project Development Ltd and Bangladeshi thin-film solar manufacturer Greene Consortium Ltd is preparing to seek approval for 30 MW of solar generation capacity in the county, or upazila, of Teknaf.

“We will soon submit an application to the government seeking permission to set up the power plant,” PDL-Greene Solar MD Sheikh Abu Mahadi told pv magazine.

The cost

The initial project will require a $36.2 million investment and the facility will produce crops and fish, said Mahadi.

The initial development at the site will feature more than 69,000 unbranded bifacial solar modules across 114 acres.

A further 650 acres is available for the planned 170 MW expansion of the solar farm.

“Our funds are 100% secured as our partners have given confirmation,” added Mahadi, who said the developers want the site operational by 2024.

Teknaf is the site of Bangladesh's first utility scale solar site, a 20 MW facility which was switched on in 2018. The area has the highest solar radiance in the country: 1.55 MWh per kilowatt-peak of solar generation capacity per year.

Bangladesh has 788 MW of renewables generation capacity, of which 554.77 MW is solar.

Junior power minister Nasrul Hamid recently said he expects 1.4 GW of new solar capacity to come online by 2025 in Bangladesh.

Green ambition

The nation plans to generate 40% of its electricity from renewables by 2040.

Bangladesh’s first agrivoltaic plant, a 3.77 MW array developed by Solarland China and local company Mostafa Motors, received government approval in December last year.

The developer of that project, Soudia Agro Solar PV Power Plant Ltd, plans to complete the site by October.

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EU to help Bangladesh in attaining renewable energy goals

Says visiting team

 FE REPORT | Published:  June 16, 2022 10:21:40 | Updated:  June 18, 2022 10:07:26

The EU Member States have common interest to support Bangladesh in achieving their national goals and fulfilling international commitments in the field of renewable energy through the Team Europe Initiative.

"The Initiative will allow us to better coordinate and consolidate our engagement in the Green Energy Sector and strengthen our relationship with the Bangladesh government and the private sector," said Johannes Schneider, head of the Development Cooperation, Germany, during a field visit on renewable energy on Tuesday, according to a press statement.

Team Europe Initiative on Green Energy Transition (TEI GET) organised the field visit to three renewable energy projects.

The visit was attended by Germany and the European Union, as TEI GET co-chairs, along with high-level representatives of Denmark, Sweden, AFD, GIZ, KFW and Switzerland.

Md Mostafa Kamal, additional secretary of the Renewable Energy and Power Division under the Ministry of Power, Energy and Mineral Resources (MoPEMR), and Mr Md Golam Mostofa, additional secretary, Member Admin, Sustainable and Renewable Energy Development Authority (SREDA), also took part in it.

The visit, organised in association with IDCOL, started with a guided tour of the operational rooftop solar with Net Metering system at Snowtex Outerwear Ltd at Dhamrai, Savar, following a discussion meeting with TEI GET, IDCOL, Snowtex Management and government counterparts.

Later, the group visited an IDCOL project, co-financed by KFW, of Solar Irrigation Pumps, and a domestic biogas plant in Dhamrai.

Maurizio Cian, head of cooperation, EU delegation, highlighted the transformational approach of Team Europe, saying: "Team Europe's common values and expertise in renewable energy are key drivers of this initiative."

"Team Europe provides the framework to deliver European support to the government of Bangladesh, with the ambition of a transformational impact in accelerating a green and just energy transition," he added.

Mostafa Kamal, additional secretary of the Renewable Energy and Power Division, said, "Bangladesh is committed to increasing renewable energy contribution in the national power generation mix, to promote appropriate, efficient and environment-friendly technology for the development of renewable energy."

"We are looking forward to implementing our strategies in collaboration with Team Europe," he added.

TEI GET, launched in Dhaka in June 2021, aims at supporting Bangladesh to build a power system that leads to maximum coverage of the country's energy demand through renewable energy while reducing GHG emission, energy consumption and demand through energy efficiency.

TEI GET, co-chaired by Germany and the EU, includes EU Member States Denmark, France, Italy, Spain, Sweden, The Netherlands, the European Investment Bank (EIB) and like-minded countries like Norway and Switzerland.

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Eyamin Sajid

21 June, 2022, 11:40 am

Last modified: 21 June, 2022, 02:40 pm

Summit plans 50MW floating solar plant on Barapukuria submerged lands


Summit Corporation Limited, one of the largest business conglomerates in the country, is planning to build a 40MW-50MW floating solar plant on the lands of the Barapukuria Coal Mine Company Limited, now underwater.

In an expression of interest sent to the Power Division, Petrobangla, and Barapukuria Coal Mine Company, on 26 May, Summit proposed four models for implementing the project – through a joint venture with Barapukuria Coal Mine, under a land lease agreement, as a lead member with revenue sharing of the project, or any other arrangement suggested by the power, energy and mineral resources ministry.

It also offered to deliver the project in Dinajpur, around 350km northwest of Dhaka, in the shortest possible time, using the world's most efficient technologies.


Engineer Md Kamruzzaman Khan, managing director at BCMCL, told The Business Standard that, alongside Summit's proposal, they also received four more proposals from Chinese firms.

"These all are very initial proposals and we are interested in taking up a project in the lakes. However, the Energy Division and Power Development Board will decide on the right model or structure of the project," he added.

Sources at BCMCL said there are around 300 acres of land at the Barapukuria that have turned into a big lake after coal extraction in the underground method of mining.

For the last few years, the submerged lands have remained as wetlands which used to be cultivated before being acquired by BCMCL for mining. 

Sustainable and Renewable Development Authority (Sreda), a state-owned agency responsible for promoting renewable energy, in cooperation with the Asian Development Bank, conducted a feasibility study last year to determine scope for a floating solar plant on the submerged lands.

The study found that a 50MW floating solar is feasible there, said Sreda officials.

Before submitting their proposal to the ministry, Summit Corporation Limited on its own initiative also visited the submerged BCMCL lands in order to see and understand the site conditions.

Based on the available data, the leading private power generation and energy logistics company proposed implementing the project, either as a lead member, or in participation with the Barapukuria Coal Mine Company. 

In the proposal, highlighting its financial strength, Summit said it maintains a AAA credit rating and has total equity of $800 million and debt financing of over $1.4 billion.

At present, Summit owns and operates a floating storage and regasification unit (FSRU) terminal capable of degasifying 500mmcfd and storing 138,000 cubic metres of LNG at Maheshkhali.

The conglomerate also has a 125,000 ton oil storage terminal and a fleet of 30 vessels for furnace oil logistics.

The company alone has a total power generation capacity of 1,941MW, while the combined production capacity of all private producers is 11,108MW.

As of now, Bangladesh has a capacity to generate 788MW of renewable energy, while the country's total power generation capacity is above 22GW (excluding captive power). 

Of total renewable capacity, solar energy accounts for 554.17MW, while a single hydro facility is in second position with 230MW of generation capacity.


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